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Historic England Research Records

Castle Stede

Hob Uid: 42931
Location :
Lancashire
Lancaster
Hornby-with-Farleton
Grid Ref : SD5828069750
Summary : Earthwork remains of a 13th century motte and bailey castle on the suggested site of an Iron Age hillfort. Castle Stede is a motte and bailey castle covering an area of two and a quarter acres, situated on a promontory overlooking the River Lune. It has an oval shaped bailey, protected on the north and west sides by steep slopes, and on the south side by a rampart and ditch. A gateway appears to have been greatly defaced by modern agriculture. The circular and conical motte is surrounded by a ditch, except for a few yards on the north side where the natural slope takes place. Excavations carried out on the centre of the motte in the 19th century proved negative. Scheduled.
More information : (SD 5828 6975) Castle Stede (NAT) Motte & Bailey (NR) (1)

Castle Stede is a motte and bailey castle covering an area of 2 1/4 acres, situated on a promontary overlooking the River Lune. It has an oval-shaped bailey, protected on the north and west sides by steep slopes, and on the south side by a rampart and ditch. On this side the gateway entrance appears to have been greatly defaced by modern agriculture. The circular and conical motte is surrounded by a ditch, except for a few yards on the north side where the natural slope takes it place. Excavations were carried out on the centre of the motte by Dr Lingard (19th century historian) but with negative results; ? Plans. Renn, giving documentary evidence stated that "This (rather than the later castle - SD 56 NE 10) is probably that seized from Roger de Montbegon III by John in 1205 but returned three months later...; probably also the Orneby of 1200". The bailey associated with the motte at Castlestede may have originally been an Iron Age Fort according to Forde-Johnston. Well defined motte & bailey on OS air photographs. (2-5)

In good condition. Published survey (25") revised. (6)

SD 5828 6975. Castle Stede motte and bailey, Hornby. Scheduled RSM No 13413. (7)

Listed by Cathcart King. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1974
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (J F Curwen)
Page(s) : 412-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Dec-12
Source Number : 3
Source : Norman castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 206
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1973
Source Number : 4
Source : Hillforts of the Iron Age in England and Wales : a survey of the surface evidence
Source details :
Page(s) : 105
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1976
Source Number : 5
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (OS 69/041 057-9 5.4.69)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHP 28-OCT-69
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Lancs March 1994 p8
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 246
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-83

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Hillfort
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LA 12
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13413
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 56 NE 23
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE STEDE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1899-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 56 NE 23
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-10-28
End Date : 1969-10-28
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CASTLE STEDE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31