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Historic England Research Records

Tote Copse Castle

Hob Uid: 249219
Location :
West Sussex
Arun
Aldingbourne
Grid Ref : SU9227004770
Summary : Site of a motte and bailey castle excavated in 1961-2. It was found to be a small 12th century castle with an oval plan bailey wall, moat and flat-topped motte erected against a circa 40 foot square keep with chamfered base, exterior garderobes and pilaster buttresses. The keep, which was constructed of flints and limestone was originally free-standing; the motte being added later. A well was found within the keep. The motte has since been levelled but the keep has been preserved by covering it with a mound.
More information : (SU 92270477) CASTLE MOUNT (NR) (1)

The excavation of Tote Copse Castle was undertaken by TCM and A Brewster for the Inspectorate of Ancient Monuments during 1961-2 due to the site being under a threat from agricultural
development.

It was found to be a small 12th c castle with an oval plan bailey wall, moat and flat-topped motte erected against a c 40 ft square keep with chamfered base, exterior garderobe and pilaster buttresses. The tower, which was constructed of flints and limestone was originally free-standing; the motte being added later. Within the keep was a well. An iron key was found in association with 12th c coarse ware.
Air photographs taken in an attempt to see whether or not there were structures outside the castle moat, proved negative. The motte has since been levelled but the keep has been preserved by covering it with a mound. Full excavation report. (2)

The spoil mound covearing the 1961-2 excavations is visible at SU 92270477, but the rest of the site has been completely levelled.
Published survey (25") revised. (3)

Listed by Cathcart King. (4)

The earthworks of medieval Tote Copse Castle described above in (1-4) were recorded from lidar imagery and aeria photographs during a survey carried out as part of a doctoral research project. (6-9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
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Source Number : 2
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : (TCM and A Brewster)
Page(s) : 141-79
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 107- 1969
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 PAS 28-OCT-71
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Source Number : 4
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 468
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Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 6
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : Environment Agency lidar 1m resolution DTM SLRM
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 3G/TUD/UK/156 PART III 5244-5 19-APR-1946
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 9204/2 NMR 23353/29 24-JAN-2004
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 9204/3 NMR 23371/13 24-JAN-2004
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Source Number :
Source : SU 90 SW 5 (1971)
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C12
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Keep And Bailey Castle
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Well, Keep
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WS 168
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1012180
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (West Sussex)
External Cross Reference Number : MWS3511
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 90 SW 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 249257
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, TOTE COPSE CASTLE/ALDINGBOURNE TOWER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1961-01-01
End Date : 1962-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 90 SW 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-10-28
End Date : 1971-10-28
Associated Activities : Primary, UNIVERSITY OF READING: CHICHESTER AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHIC TRANSCRIPTION
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2018-06-01
End Date : 2019-03-01