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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 431868

Hob Uid: 431868
Location :
Cornwall
Tintagel
Grid Ref : SX0761089160
Summary : Roman milestone at Trethevey. The milestone survives as an upright granite pillar, with a distinct lean to the north west. The principal faces are orientated north west-south east. The south east face bears an incised inscription in several short lines. The inscription is in Latin and reads `I C DOMI N GALLUS ET VOLUS' which is a shortened form of the Latin for `imperatorinus caesaribus domini nostra Gallus et Volusian'. This translates as `for the emperors, caesars, our lords Gallus and Volusianus. The inscription dates to AD 251-253, a period of joint rule of the two emperors Gallus and Valusian. Also on this face are two holes, the higher of the two is lead filled and contains the remains of an iron gate fitting. Projecting out of the fractured top of the milestone is a large iron hinge. These hinges or gate fittings are the result of the reuse of the milestone as a gatepost. This milestone gives evidence to a Roman route which ran through north Cornwall. The milestone was found in 1919 in use as a gatepost. It was built into a wall in the garden of St Piran's House, it has since been moved to a nursery garden nearby. The milestone is Scheduled and is one of only five such stones recorded in Cornwall.
More information : A Roman milestone, dated 251-3 of squared granite, 53
ins high, 14 ins wide and 11 ins thick, was found in 1919 used
as a gatepost. Disfigured by two dowel holes, the top of the
pillars has broken off at the upper dowel hole. It is now at
"St Piran's", Trethevey (SX 076891), cemented into the paving
against the house. (For inscription - see illustration card). (1-2)

SX 07618916. The milestone is now freestanding and leans
against the south-west front of the house. It is 0.3m square,
1.4m high and besides the dowel holes there are two iron
gate-hangers on the front face. The inscription is extremely
worn.

Surveyed at 1:2500. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone : epigraphic indexes
Source details :
Page(s) : 694-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1965
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of the County of Cornwall, [volume two] part 5 : Romano-British remains
Source details :
Page(s) : 28
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : pt 5
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 17/06/1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 08-Dec-97
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 24-Jul-98
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : 251-253
Monument End Date : 253
Monument Start Date : 251
Monument Type : Milestone
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 1919
Monument End Date : 1919
Monument Start Date : 1919
Monument Type : Gate Pier
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : After 1919 before 1976
Monument End Date : 1976
Monument Start Date : 1920
Monument Type : Milestone
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CO 84
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 30431
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 08 NE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 08 NE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-06-17
End Date : 1976-06-17
Associated Activities : Primary, TRETHEVEY, TINTAGEL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31