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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 439142

Hob Uid: 439142
Location :
Devon
South Hams
Shaugh Prior
Grid Ref : SX5750064450
Summary : A Bronze Age enclosed hut circle settlement, comprising a sub-circular enclosure and eight hut circles, which lies on the moderate west facing slope of Little Trowelsworthy Tor. The site was partly modified in the medieval period with the construction of a pilow mound; there are also post-medieval vermin traps associated with rabbit warrening activity. The site is part of the Upper Plym Valley historic landscape.
More information : (SX 575644) Enclosed Hut Group & Hut Circles (NR). (1)

Enclosure, North Entrance, South Entrance, Square Chamber (NR). (2)

A sub-circular enclosure about 150 paces in diameter situated on the western slope of Trowlesworthy Tor, the wall unbroken except for entrances on the north and south sides. Inside the southern entrance is a hut circle (3). The structures at the two entrances are vermin traps, these and the square chamber having been built by warreners (4). (3-5)

An enclosed settlement of 0.3 ha and three unenclosed hut circles (Centred at SX 57506439) lie on a south-west facing slope at 300m. O.D.

The sub-circular enclosure is of double walled construction with an infill of small stones. It is up to 4.0m. wide and 1.0m. high with a clearly defined entrance on the west. Gaps on the north and south may not be original as they incorporate vermin traps, the arms of which seem to be Spence Bate's square enclosure. The six huts within the enclosure are of type 2. (Type site: SX 56 NE 71) Two are adjacent to the wall but not integrated. All have levelled interiors with entrances on the west. The internal diameters are from 4.5m. to 8.0m. with a mear of 6.5m. with walling averaging 1.5m. thick and 0.8m. high. The hut at SX 57476444 has a 'porch' outside the entrance.

The huts outside the enclosure are of a similar type, from 3.0m. to 7.0m. internal diameter and from 0.3m. to 0.8m. high. One at SX 57576432 has been later utilised as a pillow mound by being ditched on the uphill side and the interior filled up with the soil.

There is no associated system of fields or plots.

Surveyed 1:10 000 on P.F.D./A.M. (6)

Depicted and described by Robertson and Butler. (8-10)

Centred SX 57506445. A sub-circular enclosure and eight hut circles lie on the moderate W facing slope of Little Trowelsworthy Tor.
The enclosure measures 61m N to S by 64m and is bounded by boulder and slab walls between 2.4 and 3.6m wide and up to 1.0m high. Within are six hut circles, the remaining huts lying outside, to the S. Most of the huts have served as repositories for cleared surface stone while one has been reused as a rabbit bury. The enclosure walls have been modified to include two post medieval vermin traps belonging to Trowelsworthy Warren (SX 56 SE 66).
SX 57476445. Measuring 6.9m N to S by 7.5m internally, this hut has walls 1.9m wide and 0.8m high.
SX 57496444. An ovoid hut 4.7m N to S by 5.7m internally with walls 1.3m wide and 0.3m high. A possible entrance is positioned in the S side.
SX 57506444. A small hut 3.8m in diameter with walls 1.6m wide and 0.7m high.
SX 57496442. A hut circle 6.8m in diameter with a smaller, later, structure occupying the E half.
SX 57516442. A second reused hut around 8.5m in original diameter with a smaller (6.5m diameter) hut occupying the N side.
Two huts lie to the S of the enclosure:
SX 57506437. Measuring 7.5m in internal diameter this hut has walls 1.7m wide and an average of 0.6m high.
SX 57586433. An ovoid hut 7.7m N to S by 9.0m reused as a rabbit bury. A deep drainage ditch lies outside the u[pslope sideof the feature, the excavated soil being used to infill the hut obscuring the walls.
A further feature at SX 57546439, recorded as a hut circle by Butler appears to be a small clearance cairn 4.7m N to S by 4.3m overall and a maximum of 0.7m high.
(10)

SX 5695 6476: Prehistoric and historic archaeological landscape at Trowlesworthy Warren. Scheduled.(11)

Detailed descriptions of enclosure and hut circles, described under national trust site reference 102349. (12)

Source 13 includes a brief accessible overview of a sample of sites in the Upper Plym Valley for visitors. (13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1906
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Source Number : 11
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage scheduling amendment, 22-JUN-2001
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Source Number : 12
Source : The Upper Plym Valley : the management of an historic landscape
Source details :
Page(s) : 76-77
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Source Number : 13
Source : Heritage Unlocked: Guide to free sites in Devon, Dorset and Somerset
Source details :
Page(s) : 28-29
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Source Number : 3
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : plan (C Spence Bate)
Page(s) : 501-2
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4, 1871
Source Number : 4
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Pte 6" (R H Worth 10.12.48)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : OS 75/369 145-146, AUG-1975
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NJA 21-JUN-1977
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Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 07-Oct-91
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Source Number : 8
Source : The archaeology of the Upper Plym Valley
Source details : Published 1991.
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Source Number : 9
Source : Dartmoor atlas of antiquities, volume five. The second millennium B.C.
Source details : Butler J 1994 Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities Vol 3 The South West. Map 49/51
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Probert, S A J 20-may-2002 EH Field Investigation
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Monument Types:
Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10813
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 280
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24232
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 56 SE 233
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Trust Project Reference Number
External Cross Reference Number : 102349, 103464
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Trust Project Reference Number
External Cross Reference Number : 103465, 103466
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Trust Project Reference Number
External Cross Reference Number : 103467, 103468
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Trust Project Reference Number
External Cross Reference Number : 103469, 103470
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24233
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 56 SE 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 439151
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 439145
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 439154
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 439157
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 439139
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 439160
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 439294
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 56 SE 13
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-06-21
End Date : 1977-06-21
Associated Activities : PLYM VALLEY SURVEY: EH PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2001-02-14
End Date : 2002-12-20