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Historic England Research Records

The Langstone Circle

Hob Uid: 439606
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Peter Tavy
Grid Ref : SX5565078200
Summary : Stone circle on Langstone Moor.
More information : (SX 5565 7820) Stone Circle (NR) (1)

The Langstone circle, diameter about 56 feet, was discovered in
1894 and restored. It consists of 16 stones, two of which are
of fine sandstone, the remainder of ordinary moor-stone. There
appears to have been an outer circle of which 3 stones remain
on the west side (2). Only two stones of the outer circle remain
in position, the third being broken and the pit-hole visible.
These stones are described as being a fine-grained stone, and
only one of the inner stones of this material. Diameter given
as 67 feet (4).

Visible on air photographs. (2-5)

On the flattish top of Langstone Moor at approximately 452.0m
OD is the remains of a restored stone circle. It is ovoid,
21.0m by 19.0m, with irregularly placed stones of which four are
erect, six fallen and the remainder reduced to stumps. They
average 1.0m high and 0.5m square. The interior is devoid of
detail. One erect stone of similar dimensions remains of the outer
circle on the south west side, 3.0m outside the circle. The
number of irregularly positioned shallow pits in the vicinity
makes further identification of the outer circle indefinite.

Revised at 1:10 000 on PFD and at 1:250.
See ground photograph. (6)

The circle is located on the southern side of the flattish summit of Langstone Moor ridge at an altitude of 455m above OD. The site is overlooked by Great Mistor to the South and Wittor to the North and has views of Roos Tor and Staple Tor further down the ridge and the Walkham valley at Merrivale. The view to the east is slightly restricted by the rise of Cock's Hill.

Of the 16 stone of the restored circle only 11 now remain in-situ, though several of these are much shorter than they appear in Burnard's 1894 photograph, including five which can only be described as stumps. The tallest stone today stands to only 1.1m high though Burnard recorded stones of between 5 and 6 feet (1.5 - 1.8m). Fragments of the broken stones lie scattered on the ground around the erect stones. There are also five stones that are completely toppled . Of the two stones said by authority 3 to be outside the main circle, only one remains on the west side and stands to 0.7m high. Some remedial work was recently carried out by the DNPA, during which erosion hollows around four of the stones were filled. Small hollows outside the circle may be ordnance impact craters.

As planned the stones form a far from perfect circle. Although it is possible that in its original form the monument was an imperfect circle, this seems unlikely and it is perhaps more credible that the stones were re-erected incorrectly.

The Stones

1. Standing intact, 1m high. Erosion hollow recently restored.
2. Stump 0.5m high on rebuilt concrete base. Top section lying on ground in 3 pieces.
3. Stump 0.45m high. Top section lies alongside. Original height c. 1.8m.
4. Stump 0.2m high. Three small fragments on ground beside.
5. Ground level stump. Top section on ground beside, 1.2m long.
6. Fallen slab 1.6m long plus fragments.
7. Stump 0.3m high plus shattered pieces.
8. Stump 0.4m high plus shattered pieces.
9. Standing intact, 1.1m high. Erosion hollow recently restored.
10. Fallen slab 1.5m long.
11. Edge-set slab, 0.7m high. Loose.
12. Fallen slab 1.25m long.
13. Fallen slab 1.35m long.
14. Standing, 0.9m high. Erosion hollow recently repaired.
15. Fallen slab 1.85m long plus shattered pieces.
16. Standing, 0.9m high. Splintered top section. Erosion hollow recently repaired.
17. Fallen 1.25m long.

(7) (8)

For 1894 photograph see Burnard 1894 (9)

Described by Barnatt 1989 (10)

Depicted by Butler 1991 (11)

Condition is poor, though remedial work has stabilised some of the stones (12)



Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor 1895 211 (Rowe)
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Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Butler J 1991 Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities Vol 2.
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Source Number : 12
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Newman P 10-Aug-2004 Nemwan P Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Rep. Trans Devonshire Ass 27, 1895, 84.
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Source Number : 4
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (Lady Fox 1953)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : APs (RAF/F65/58/6399 0039-40 2.7.64) (OS/75/369 214)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NJA 11-SEP-78
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Newman P 01-Oct-2003 EH Archaeological Field Investigation
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Newman P 2003 Langstone Moor, Peter Tavy, Devon EH Unpub. AI/25/2003.
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Burnard R. 1894 Dartmoor Pictorial Records Vol IV
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Barnatt J 1989 Stone Circles of Britain BAR 215i-ii
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Stone Circle
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 365
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20380
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NE 20
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NE 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 NE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-09-11
End Date : 1978-09-11
Associated Activities : LANGSTONE MOOR - ENGLISH HERITAGE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2003-10-01
End Date : 2003-12-12
Associated Activities : MERRIVALE RANGE BASELINE CONDITION SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-08-02
End Date : 2004-12-31