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Monument Number 439615

Hob Uid: 439615
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Peter Tavy
Grid Ref : SX5568077900
Summary : Hut settlement on the south slopes of Langstone Moor in the Walkham valley.
More information : (Centred SX 55687790) Enclosed Hut Groups and Hut
Circles (NR). (1)

A great number of hut-circles on Langstone Moor with features very similar to those at Grimspound (SX 78 SW 11) a raised dais, a hearth and cooking hole being found in several of them. Eleven huts were excavated showing the interiors to be badly ruined. Small finds included a flint core, five flakes and a scraper knife. (2-4)

Between 400m and 435m OD on a slight south slope is a settlement
which occuies 7.0 ha. There are 54 huts, half of which are
attached to, or within, five enclosures.

The largest enclosure at SX 55587797 is oval in plan and
measures 78.0m by 57.0m. Its walling, typical of the whole site,
is of piled stones forming a bank 1.0m wide and 0.5m high.
There are two entrance gaps which seem original, one in the
south and the other in the south east between two huts. Eight
huts are built on to the outer face of the enclosure and four
stand within.

Four enclosures to the east vary in size from 20.0m by 30.0m
to 40.0m by 50.0m They are rather fragmentary, probably partly
buried by soil wash and a build-up of peat, and all have
associated huts.

At SX 55897773, isolated from the main group, are the remains
of two small and apparently overlapping walled plots. These are
in the valley adjacent to the River Walkham which, with tinning
activity, has probably destroyed the major part.

The huts are mostly of Type 1, though five have orthostats
incorporated in their entrances and may be of Type 2 and ruined
(? excavated). The internal diameters range from 2.0m to 7.5m.

The interiors are levelled and the rubble walling averages
1.6m thick and 0.6m high. Entrances are mainly on the south.

The hut at SX 55727794 is, with an internal diameter of 7.5m
unusually large, and has also been levelled into the hillslope
to a depth of 1.4m. Another, at SX 55757790 is sub-rectangular
and almost 'barrel' shaped.

The whole area is free of clitter. No associated field system is
visible but some four or five mounds of stone are evidence of
gathering, if not of clearance.

Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD and at 1:2500
(Type sites: SX 56 SE 19 and SX 56 NE 71).

See ground photographs. (5)

Resurveyed at 1:1000 scale Sept-Oct 2003 (6)

See EH Archaeological Investigation Report for full description and plan(7)

Depicted and described by Butler 1991 (8)

Area is closely cropped grass. Most of the huts are in a stable state and condition is generally good (9)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 27 1895 84-8
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 33 1901 139 Plan only
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : APs (RAF/F65/58/6399-003940)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 15-OCT-78
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Newman P 1-Oct-2003 EH Archaeological Field Investigation.
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Newman P 2003 Langstone Moor, Peter Tavy, Devon. EH Unpub. rep. AI/25/2003
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Butler J 1991 Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities Vol. 2.
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Newman P 10-Aug-2004 Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Hut Circle Settlement
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20374
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20375
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 17
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 367
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20373
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NE 16
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : LANGSTONE MOOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1895-01-01
End Date : 1895-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 NE 15
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-10-15
End Date : 1978-10-15
Associated Activities : MERRIVALE RANGE BASELINE CONDITION SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-08-02
End Date : 2004-12-31