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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 439741

Hob Uid: 439741
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Peter Tavy
Grid Ref : SX5460078680
Summary : Three prehistoric round cairns on the eastern slopes of Whittor.
More information : Cairns (1)

To the east of White Tor in the direction of the Longstone is a ruined Kistvaen (SX 57 NW 6) and nearby the remains of three barrows. A ruined barrow (114 yards west of the Kistvaen) was excavated and produced a perforated spatula-shaped implement (2-3)

(SX 54607868) Cairns (NR). (4)

SX54597870 (Grinsell no. 24) A Cairn 8.0m in diameter and 0.3m in height. Probably excavated by Baring-Gould c1898, perforated spatulate implement found (now in Plymouth City Museum).
SX54587866 (Grinsell no. 25) A cairn 11.0m in diameter and 0.3m in height.
SX54617866 (Grinsell no 26) An oval cairn 18m W/E 14m N/S and 0.6m in height. (5)

A group of three ruined cairns is situated at SX 54607868 on the
east-facing slopes of White Tor at 445.0m OD. The most northerly
cairn has a diameter of 7.5m and a height of 0.4m, and has a rim
of stones. The westerly cairn has a diameter of 9.0m and a height
of 0.4.m and consists of an amorphous mass of large scattered
stones. The easterly cairn has a diameter of approximately 12.5m
and a height of 0.6m and is composed of earth and scattered stones.
All three cairns are in a very ruinous condition.

Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD. See ground photograph. (6)

(SX 54607868). Cairns. (NR). (7)

SX 545786. Two round barrows and cist E of White Tor, scheduled.
(see illustration card). (8-9)

SX54607867 As described, like the one to the west, this may perhaps be a small multiple stone ring. Not scheduled. (Grinsell no. 26)

SX54607867 As described, though said to be 'scattered', this could be another small scale multiple ring - of Glasscombe etc. Scheduled (Grinsell no. 25)

SX54627867 As described. Scheduled. (Grinsell no. 24) (10)

Centred SX54607867. This group of three disturbed and mutilated cairns is situated on a fairly exposed ridge of high ground in open boulder-free moorland.

SX54587864 (Grinsell's no 25) A stripped cairn c9.5m in diameter and approximately 0.4m high. It survives as a circular spread of medium-sized stones close-packed and apparently placed at random; it does not appear to be a multiple ring type. There is no evident Kerb. (SAM no. 545b)

SX54617864 (Grinsell's no. 26) A disturbed turf-covered cairn of platform type approximately 12m across with a maximum height of 0.5m. The centre and east side are both depressed and mutilated; a number of boulders protrude through the turf but they do not appear to form a multiple ring (not Scheduled). A turf covered spread of stony material lying on or against the east side which measures c 6m by 5.7m and 0.2m in height could be excavation spoil dug from the centre. A scatter of stones and small boulders occurs between the two cairns. Also an apparent boulder/stone line 0.2m high links them. These features are probably fortuitous patterns of exposed sub-surface stones.

SX54597869 (Grinsell's no. 24) A turf-covered cairn of platform type C 8m long by 7.5m with a maximum height of 0.4m. A ring of spaced, smallish boulders 5.2m in diameter protrudes through the turf on the flat top of the mound; this is almost certainly part of the structure of the cairn (SAM no. 545a)

The ten additional cairns depicted around these cairns on the RCHME APP transcript could not be traced on the ground and they almost certainly do not exist.
The spongy moorland turf in this area is easily disfigured by animal paths, vehicle tracks and water channels. The small sub-circular ditch-type patterns evident on the RCHME AP no. SX5478/1.229 are the result of natural and artificial activity and have no archaeological significance. 'It is not altogether clear why Grinsell chose the northern cairn as the excavated feature as all three more or less fit the siting given in the T.D.A., however, on balance, he is probably correct. It also seems odd that the prominent cairn (no 26) is not Scheduled. The AM report (though inadequate) of 1964 attributed by the SMR to no. 25 seems to best fit no. 26'. (11)

Resurveyed at 1:2500 using GPS September 2003 (12)

Condition is poor (13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1907
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trans Devon Ass 31 1899 148 152 Illust Map
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Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F3 MJF 19-NOV-1987
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Source Number : 12
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Newman P 10-OCT-2003 EH Archaeological Field Investigation
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Source Number : 13
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Newman P 10-Aug-2004 Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DJG 17-JUL-1950
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Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Devon Arch Soc 36 1978 160 (L V Grinsell)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 JGB 13-OCT-1978
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS 1:10000 1982
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE(IAM) Anc Mons Eng 2 1978 43
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE(IAM) Record Map
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : SMR Register 12-SEP-1986 (F M Griffith)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairn
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22205
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 052/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 545
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 052/02
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 052/03
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NW 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : E OF WHITE TOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1898-01-01
End Date : 1898-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 NW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-10-13
End Date : 1978-10-13
Associated Activities : LANGSTONE MOOR - ENGLISH HERITAGE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2003-10-01
End Date : 2003-12-12
Associated Activities : MERRIVALE RANGE BASELINE CONDITION SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-08-02
End Date : 2004-12-31