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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 439774

Hob Uid: 439774
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Peter Tavy
Grid Ref : SX5402077250
Summary : Prehistoric settlement and field system.
More information : (SX 53957723) Enclosure & Hut Circles (NR) (27 Hut circles shown and enclosure). (1-2)

An extensive collection of hut circles, on the other side of
Petertavy Brook, to the Wedlake settlement (SX 57 NW 15). (3)

On a NW slope and bounded on the W and NW by an apparently later
reave (SX 57 NW 30) is a settlement covering about 3.8 ha. Forty-two
huts can be identified (thirty seven within the 1:2500 plan area; see
also SX 57 NW 82). If a further detached group (SX 57 NW 19), 70m. to
the S is included there are 63 huts spread over some 5.3ha.,
comparable to settlement in the Plym and Erme valleys.

The majority of the huts are between 5.5m. and 8.8m. internal
diameter and appear to by of Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71) the interiors being
levelled. There has been considerable robbing, some perhaps in
antiquity, and particularly to the lesser huts with internal
diameters down to 2.6m. These seem to be of Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19).
Walling averages 1.4m. wide, exceptionally 2.0m., and is from 0.3m
to 0.8m. high, being lower within the area of modern enclosure. Where
visible, entrances are usually to the S. One hut at SX 53907729 is
sub-divided, and another large one at SX 53937714 seems to have been
repossessed by the intrusion of a smaller hut.

A number of huts are linked by boulder and rubble walling 1.4m. wide
and from 0.2m. to 0.6m. high, forming small irregular plots (see
plan). It is the linking wall at SX 53867727 which obtrudes the
normal direction of the reave; it would seem to be earlier, since
there appears little benefit in clearing 16.0m. of reave to obtain
about 48 sq. metres of ground.

Settlement surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD. (4)

(SX 53957723) Settlement (NR). (5)

SX 539773. Hut circles SW of Wedlake, scheduled. See also Illus,
card and (see also SX 57 NW 82). (6-7)
An unenclosed settlement and an associated field system situated on the north west slopes of Roos Tor.

Dominating this westward projection of Dartmoor, Roos Tor rises to a summit of 454m OD on Petertavy Great Common. The settlement and field system covers gently sloping hillside below the main area of the clitter scree eroded from the granite tor. Lying between the 325m and 370m contours it extends about 400m east-west by 250m, an area of approximately 10 hectares. In the northwest of the settlement nineteen huts fall within once cultivated enclosed pastureland whilst the remainder of the huts are on rough grassland outside the modern enclosure wall to the southeast. Scrub, furze and hawthorn are spread across the area. The western side of the settlement is bounded by the "Great Western Reave" (Fleming 1988 44) (8) which curves around to the northeast to cross it in the northwest. (See Lin 150).

SETTLEMENT. The settlement consists of seventy one hut circles (1-33 and 35-72), which are invariably formed by circular platforms built up, levelled and cut into the slope. They are edged with turf-covered walls constructed of rubble. Their internal diameters range from 2.2m to 9m, (averaging 4.9m) and the walls, 0.2m to 1m high, are 0.8m to 1.6m wide spread to 2m or more in places. Though most of the huts have been heavily robbed there are fifty-four identifiable entrances still evident, predominantly in the southwest. (See tabulation for individual hut details).

FIELD SYSTEM. The remains of the field system are now only fragmentary. Several of the huts, mainly in the southwest of the area around huts (18) and (24), are attached to small irregular shaped enclosures or possible plots. Remains of probable field walls are evident running east-west up and down the slope from huts (20), (25), (27), (55) and (64). There are also short lengths of walling visible near huts (41) and (58). Inside the angle of the modern enclosure wall, near hut (10), are the turf-covered remains of a stony lynchet about 120m long which has been much reduced by ploughing. Another, 75m long, is evident to the southeast of hut (69). There are also about twenty stone clearance heaps, some oval but mainly circular, scattered around hut (70). They are turf-covered mounds predominantly of small stones and average 4.2m in diameter and 0.7m in height.

Due to the collapsed, ploughed down and overgrown nature of the wall to the southwest of hut (4) its exact relationship to the reave is now difficult to ascertain. Build up of soil, and field clearance on the east of this wall appear to have encroached on it and the hut combining the reave and wall into one feature.

Huts (1) to (3) also lie outside the reave giving the impression that the reave is cutting across an already extant settlement. (According to local information this area inside the modern enclosure wall was last ploughed for potato cultivation during the Napoleonic Wars. Huts (1) and (2) are in a much reduced fragmentary condition and it is possible that there were more huts in the area to their east, north of the reave, which have been destroyed by ploughing).

See 1/2500 survey "Wedlake" in RCHME Archive.

A further table of information on the settlement is held in the archive. (9).

Resurveyed at 1:2500 using GPS September 2003 (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : APs (RAF 58/6399 F64 0043-0044 July 64)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 37 1905 145
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NJA 17-NOV-80
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS 1:10000 1982
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) Anc Mons Eng 2 1978 49
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) Record map
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : The Dartmoor Reaves 1988 43-44, A Fleming
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 23-AUG-1991, IS Sainsbury.
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Newman P 10-OCT-2003 EH Archaeological Field Investigation
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Settlement, Field System
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 870
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20386
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NW 18
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 NW 18
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-11-17
End Date : 1980-11-17
Associated Activities : RCHME: DUCHY FARMS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : LANGSTONE MOOR - ENGLISH HERITAGE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2003-10-01
End Date : 2003-12-12