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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 439904

Hob Uid: 439904
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Whitchurch
Grid Ref : SX5301074990
Summary : The remains of prehistoric hut circles on Whitchurch Common. Scheduled.
More information : A barrow 30 feet in diameter lies on the northern
slope of Barn Hill, close to the third milestone on the Tavistock
to Princetown Road, at long 4o 4' 32", lat 50o 33' 20 1/2" (SX
53007501). (1)

This feature, visible on air photographs, has more the appearance
of a hut circle with a south entrance. The remains of another can
be seen to the west. Together they would form part of the complex
SX 57 SW 23. (2)

Listed under round barrows, cairns and cists. Dimensions 8.5m in
diameter by 0.5 high, cairn truncated probably for road metal.
Visited by Grinsell 23 Mat 1976. (3)

A cairn, diameter 8.5m., height 0.4m., truncated, probably for
road metalling. SX 53007500. (4)

On a slight SW slope at the N end of Barn Hill are three hut circles
of Type (SX 56 SE 19) all turf-covered and with levelled interiors.
They are within the peripheral and poorly defined part of a field
system to the SW where there is also a settlement (SX 57 SW 23).

SX 53007497. A much damaged hut with an internal diameter of 7.2m
and spread walling 2.0m. wide and 0.6m high. There is no visible
entrance but this may have been in the severely robbed western half
of the hut (see ground photograph).

SX 53017499. A substantial hut with an internal diameter of 8.4m.
and walling 1.7m. wide and 0.6m. high, the rubble revetted by a
number of slabs on the inner face. There is no visible entrance
(see ground photograph).

SX 53017504. A hut with an internal diameter of 5.8m. and walling
1.5m. wide and 0.4m. high; there is an entrance gap in the SW
(See ground photograph).

This is evidently Grinsell's cairn and Worths barrow. (Broadly it
is on the N slope of Barn Hill as stated by Worth, but locally on
the SW slope). While the structure might in isolation be construed
as a cairn, the lack of any internal stone, the consistently smooth
angle of the inner face of the wall, and the presence of other
huts and a field system militate against the Worth and Grinsell
classifications.

Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD (the northern-most only) and at
1:2500 (see plan).
(See SX 57 NW 106 for associated reaves). (5)

Centred SX 5301 7499. Three hut circles survive on the N side of Barn Hill, 60m S of the Cox Tor carpark. They occupy W to WSW facing slopes at 325m above OD.

The northernmost hut, SX 5301 7504, is 5.9m in diameter, and has slight (0.3m high) turf covered rubble walls. There is no clear entrance.
Resurveyed at 1:2500 (RCHME Cox Tor Survey 1991).

The central hut, SX 5301 7499, has a diameter of 7.0m. The bank is 0.4m high and 2.5m wide and is composed of rubble with some larger stones. An arc of edge set stones is visible on the SW side. There is no clear entrance.
No survey action.

The southernmost hut, SX 5300 7497, has been badly robbed on the NW arc, and only the SE half survives. It had an estimated diameter of about 8.5m. Where it remains, the bank is 0.4m wide and 2.0m wide, and is composed of turf covered rubble. There is no clear entrance.
No survey action.

Included in scheduled area. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : T Devon Ass 52 1920 79 (R H Worth)
Page(s) : 79
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 52
Source Number : 2
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (58 RAF 6399 0045-46 July 1964)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Devon Archaeological Society proceedings
Source details : P Devon Ass 36 1978 176 (L V Grinsell)
Page(s) : 176
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 36
Source Number : 4
Source : Devon Archaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Devon Arch Soc 36 1978 176 (L V Grinsell)
Page(s) : 176
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 36
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NJA 28-OCT-80
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 09-JUL-1991, WR Wilson-North
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 07-Mar-02
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Hut Circle
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22234
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NW 65
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 NW 64
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-10-28
End Date : 1980-10-28
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: DUCHY FARMS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31