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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 439928

Hob Uid: 439928
Location :
West Devon
Peter Tavy
Grid Ref : SX5229078130
Summary : Cairn.
More information : A sub-circular cropmark at SX 52287815. (1)

At SX 52307813 on the summit of Smeardon Down there is a circular
banked structure 8.0m. in internal diameter mutilated by surface
quarrying. The bank is turf-covered stone and measures 1.2m. wide
and 0.4m. high, with a number of small breaks and distortions due
to stone robbing. Quarrying at the centre has resulted in a bowl
shaped pit 0.4m. deep at the centre, with a pile of limestone slabs
on one side.

The exposed situation might suggest a ruined cairn or simply a
surface digging, but the fairly consistent nature of the surrounding
bank, and the fact that the structure is the terminal point for a low
and presumably prehistoric field bank, tends to favour its
classification as a ruined hut of indeterminate Type.

Surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD. (See plan with 57 NW 72). (2)

A cairn prominently situated on the summit of Smeardon Down at 334m OD. It measures 12m N-S by 10.7m and 0.8m in maximum height. Robbing, mainly to the north of the central area, has exposed the contents of small stones. Dumping of debris is evidenced by a drilled stone lying to the west; the robbed material appears to have been dumped mainly on the southwest but it is also scattered elsewhere around the cairn. A field wall, part of the surrounding Field System (SX 57 NW 103), approaches the cairn from the northwest but there is a slight hollow, probably caused by robbing, at the junction of these features so it is now impossible to ascertain the exact relationship between the two.

The field wall does not appear to continue to the east. Its internal appearance has the undoubted ragged look of a robbed mound, not a bank. It is not, as described, a "fairly consistent....bank" and there is no evidence of an inner face or a break for an entrance. This fact plus its prominent exposed position, all suggest that it is a robbed prehistoric cairn. (See 1:2500 Survey of Settlement and Field System SX 57 NW 103). (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1a
Source details : APs (F65 RAF 6399 044-45 2 July 1964)
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 14-OCT-80
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Source Number : 3
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 18-APR-1991, IS Sainsbury
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairn
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX57NW091
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NW 73
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 NW 72
Start Date : 1980-10-14
End Date : 1980-10-14
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: DUCHY FARMS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31