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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 439961

Hob Uid: 439961
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Peter Tavy
Grid Ref : SX5428078630
Summary : Undated hut circles and cairn
More information : A number of features variously described as rock
shelters and hut circles were excavated in 1898 and itemised on a
plan accompanying the report. (See reconstituted plan - SX 57
NW 8).

I. A hut curcle with inner and outer chamber. From the inner:
fragments of pottery, a flint scraper and core and scores of flakes
and chips. The floor strewn with charcoal. The outer: some
charcoal against the south wall.

II. A hut with a cooking hole full of ash; one piece of pottery
and flint flakes, one with a serrated edge. A 14" wide doorway led
to an inner chamber under a leaning rock slab, built up on the
side opening to the hut. Flint flakes found.

III. A hut circle under the lee of two large boulders. One piece
of burnt flint found.

IV. A rock shelter which before excavation had the appearance of a
good sized cairn surrounding a rock. Prehistoric pottery fragments
found with an intrusive sherd of Medieval glazed ware.

V and VI: see SX 57 NW 8.

VII. A rock shelter. A wall partially surrounded a large boulder.
A hole filled with burnt clay and charcoal was found, charcoal
was strewn about, and some sherds were recovered.

VIII. A rock shelter, similar to VII. Charcoal and flint flakes
found. (1)

SX 54297862 (I). A mass of stones forming a circular mound 9.0m.
in diameter and 1.0m. high with a large depression in the centre. The
stones are of fairly small size but in such quantity it is hardly
conceivable that they could represent a tumbled hut. This, the
so-called 'inner chamber is almost certainly a cairn.

The 'outer chamber' on the north-east side is 0.7m high, a somewhat
oval walled structure 4.0m overall and 2.0m across internally. No
entrance can be seen but the impression gained is that of a Medieval
or later shelter or hut constructed from stones of the cairn.

SX 54337863 (II). Excluding the large rock forming the west side
this is a semi-circular bank of stones 3.5m overall and 0.5m high
with a central depression 1.6m across. There is no sign of the
curious 'inner chamber' mentioned in the excavation. As the
terminal to a rampart it could be a hut, but of minimal dimensions.
An enigmatic feature, just possibly a ruined cairn.

SX 54347863 (III). A semi-circular wall of stones 4.0m in overall
diameter and 0.8m high, set against a rock 2.0m high on the west
side. The interior is 2.0m across. It is impossible to judge the
form of the original structure; that which exists is largely
modern re-building to create a shelter. It could have been either a
hut or a cairn.

SX 54287863 (IV). An oval mound of stones measuring 10.0m by
14.0m and 0.8m high. It encompasses a large rock (see photograph)
which forms the centre to a depression in the mound perhaps caused
by excavation. It is undoubtedly a boulder cairn, contiguous to
(I) that on the south.

SX 54317863 (VII). The main feature is a rock about 2.0m square and
2.0m high around which is a bank of stone 1.5m wide and 0.5m high.
The overall diameter is 6.0m with an interspace of about 1.0m
between the rock and the inner face of the bank, virtually impossible
for habitation. This seems likely to have been a boulder cairn.

SX 54287867 (VIII). A 'tor' cairn, with a diameter 10.0m by 13.0m,
enclosing part of a mass of outcrop, On the south side the rock
is 2.7m high and the stones 0.6m high; on the west the base of the
outcrop is at the foot of a short north slope and here the rock is
4.0m high with stones piled against it to a height of 1.3m.

An additional feature IX, identified during field investigation,
is at SX 54267860, to the east of and contiguous to the large cairn
(SX 57 NW 5). A protrusion of outcrop, 1.5m by 1.0m and 0.2m high,
is surrounded on the north and east by a bank of stones 2.0m wide
and 0.3m high. The overall diameter is about 8.0m. The turf covered,
stony, interspace between the rock and the inner face of the bank
is, at most, 1.5m. the south side is occupied by a massive block
of outcropping rock; the west side merges into the adjacent cairn.
There is no entrance and although the site could be construed as
a hut it seems more likely to be a cairn.

Because of scale factors only cairns IV and VIII are surveyed at
1:10 000 on PFD, but see illustration plan at 1:1000. (2)

SX 532787. White Tor camp, Cudlipptown Down, scheduled. (See also
SX 57 NW, 8). (3)

(The grid reference quoted by Authority 3 is inaccurate. By
examination of Authority 4 and OS 1:10000 1982, the grid reference
for the camp can be located centred at SX 54257865). (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 31 1899 146 (Dartmoor Exploration Committee)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 20-OCT-78
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) Anc Mons Eng 2 1978 49
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) Record Map
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Cairn, Hut Circle
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 36
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 363
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 NW 84
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WHITE TOR CAMP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1898-01-01
End Date : 1898-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WHITE TOR CAMP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1898-01-01
End Date : 1898-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 NW 83
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-10-20
End Date : 1978-10-20