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Historic England Research Records

Merrivale

Hob Uid: 440056
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Walkhampton
Grid Ref : SX5545074790
Summary : Two Bronze Age double stone rows and associated cairns are located on open moorland. The rows are oriented roughly east to west and are almost parallel, being 25 metres between centres at their eastern ends increasing to 32 metres at the west. A leat still used to convey water to Hillside Stables separates the two monuments and flows to within 2 metres of the northern row. A single row (see SX 57 SE 115) runs roughly south-west from a small cairn at SX 55397476, some 4.75 metres south of the south row. Scheduled.
More information : (SX 554747) Stone Rows (NR) Cairns (NR) (1)

Two double stone rows, a single stone row and associated barrows (Plan);

A. A double stone row, extending for 596ft, with a blocking stone at its eastern end.

B. A double stone row, extending for 864ft, with a blocking stone at its eastern end. Almost central along its length it is interrupted by a 12ft diameter cairn circle containing a small barrow.

C. A single stone row extending for 139ft from a 9ft diameter barrow south of stone row B. Barrow plots at SX 55397476 from plan (see SX 57 SE 115). (2)

A: North Row, SX 55367479 to SX 55557482. The row is 182m. long and although it is likely that it once extended further to the west there is now no evidence of post holes or stones which can be assigned to the row with any degree of certainty. A slight lowering of the ground surface may be the result of casual peat digging in this area. (See ground photographs).

The double row is formed by random post and slab stones, the latter usually aligned along the row. The distance between the rows is a fairly constant 1.2m. and the spacing between the stones 1.5m., closing to 1.0m. towards the east end. Almost two thirds of the stones are under 0.2m. high but they are consistently higher in the eastern 60m., 0.4m. being the average height.

At the eastern end there is a blocking stone and beyond it a number of earthfast and loose slabs which seem to represent a former kerb or circle about 5.6m. in diameter. The blocking stone is part of the circle with two or possibly three earthfast slabs on end, three recumbent slabs, and four other post or slab stones which are much displaced or entirely unconnected. The stones are spaced at about 2.0m. intervals; uprooted slabs are from 0.3m. square to 0.4m. by 0.5m., earthfast stones 0.1m. high. There is no sign of a cairn or cist.

B: South Row: SX 55307475 to SX 55567478. A double row, 262.5m. in length; incorporating a cairn within 2.5m. of the midway point. The stones are random post and slab types, the latter always well aligned with the row except for the twin blocking stones at the west end and the single blocking stone at the east end. The spacing of stones along the rows is approximately 1.6m. but for the eastern 30m. they close up to an average of 1.0m. The width between rows varies from 1.2m. to 0.6m., again being closer towards the east end, where, as in the north row the stones are consistently higher.

In both instances the concentration at the east may be due to the close proximity of the source material in an abundance of clitter, whereas there is virtually no surface stone alongside or to the west of the rows (see ground photographs).

The central cairn, at SX 55437477, is 3.0m. in diameter and 0.2m. high, with its stone content now turf covered. It has an off-centre cist, orientated north-south, of which the side slabs remain in place. The cist measures 0.7m. by 0.4m. and is 0.3m. deep. Slightly beyond the perimeter of the mound six stones of a peristalith or cairn circle survive, two to a height of 0.5m. (See ground photograph)

Stone rows and cairn surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD at 1:2500 and at 1:500 (for which see illustrations). (3)

SX 55387478 Stone Rows (NR) Cairns (NR) (4)

Additional bibliography (5)

Centred SX 55457479. Two double stone rows lie in open moorland forming the gently sloping crest of Long Ash Hill south of B 3357. The rows lie at approximately 340m above OD and are oriented roughly east to west. They are almost parallel, being 25m between centres at their eastern ends increasing to 32m at the west. A leat still used to convey water to Hillside Stables separates the two monuments and flows to within 2.0m of the northern row. A single row (National Monuments Record SX 57 SE 115) runs roughly south-west from a small cairn at SX 55397476, some 4.75m south of the south row.

The stone rows were surveyed and recorded at 1:200 scale in advance of repair and conservation work on the leat which bisects them. (8)

Recorded and surveyed by Butler. (9)

The stone rows are well preserved even though they are the focus of intense visitor activity. The fragile landscape was surveyed in 1999 as part of a new investigation of the guardianship site. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : plan (R H Worth)
Page(s) : 297-8
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Vol(s) : 78, 1946
Source Number :
Source : Merrivale Stone Rows
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Source : Merrivale Stone Rows
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Source : Merrivale Guardianship Area/Report
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Source : Merrivale Stone Rows/ink survey
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Butler J 1994 The Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquites The South-West map 44
Page(s) : 24
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Vol(s) : 3
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 11-JAN-80
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Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1982
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Devon Committee Rescue Arch Publication 1979
Page(s) : 44
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Vol(s) : 5
Source Number : 6
Source : The archaeology of south west Britain
Source details : plan
Page(s) : 76-7, 98
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Source Number : 7
Source : Archaeological sites of Devon and Cornwall
Source details : illusts
Page(s) : 97-102
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 05-JAN-1994, SAJ Probert & P Newman
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Fletcher M 30-OCT-1999 English Heritage Field Investigation
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairnfield, Stone Alignment, Cairn, Cist
Evidence : Earthwork, Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 333
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24193
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 SE 12
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 440357
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 SE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-01-11
End Date : 1980-01-11
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 SE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1994-01-05
End Date : 1994-01-05
Associated Activities : MERRIVALE GUARDIANSHIP AREA : ENGLISH HERITAGE SURVEY PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1999-10-01
End Date : 2000-02-21