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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 440082

Hob Uid: 440082
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Walkhampton
Grid Ref : SX5810072400
Summary : Bronze Age settlement of at least 50 round houses, several lengths of rubble walling and at least two cairns. Many of the round houses are apparently unenclosed, although short lengths of walling indicate that a field system or group of enclosures may have once been associated with this settlement.
More information : SX 581724) Hut Circles (NR). (1)

A large group of hut circles, varying from 10 ft to 18 ft diameter,
in or near the Rifle Range between Devil's Gully and Har Tor.
Eighteen of the huts were examined in 1895/6. Much pottery was
found, including some sherds with a zigzag pattern (Bronze Age)
from one hut. Other notable finds were rubbing stones, flint
scrapers, pot boilers and much charcoal. Eight of the huts
yielded no finds and were deduced to be cattle pounds. (2)(3)

Centred at SX 58587244 is an open settlement of 39 huts covering
nearly 5.0 ha. of a heather-covered southwest slope between
360m. and 388m. OD. Some huts are densely overgrown and in
poor condition but all appear to be of Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71).

The interiors are levelled with internal diameters ranging
from 3.0m to 7.7m and walling averaging 1.2m wide and 0.6m high. The
greater proportion of the entrances are to the SW and SE (see plan).

Two huts (A & B on plan), at SX 58207247 and SX 58147240 are sub-
divided, and 'B' has an additional small stone hut on the east side.
At SX 58177238, 'C', two huts are joined, and at SX 58187252 there is
a distinctly oval hut, 'D' with internal measurements of 4.9m by 3.3m. At SX 58117262 a hut 'E' has evidently been reconstructed with coursed walling 0.7m high. It is in close proximity to tin streaming and may have served as a tinners' hut, although there is no obvious entrance.

Some fragmentary boulder and rubble walls, particularlty in the
northern part of the settlement, suggest that the area incorporated a
number of fields or plots, but with one exception they are poorly
defined and no overall pattern or extent can be deduced.

Settlement surveyed at 1:1000 on MSD and at 1:2500. (4)

(Centred SX 581724) Settlement [NR]. (5)

SX 582724 (6). Hut circles S of Devil's Bridge, Scheduled. (6)(7)

Additional bibliography. (8)

A settlement of at least 50 round houses, several lengths of rubble walling and at least two, probably three cairns. Many of the round houses are apparently unenclosed, although short lengths of walling indicate that a field system or group of enclosures may have once been associated with this settlement. The best preserved boundary wall survives at the northern end of the sttlement where an enclosed area measuring 35m by 21m defined by a 1.5m wide and 0m5 high rubble bank survives. Leading from this enclosed area is a second bank which curves southward enclosing a substantial area. A full description and the dimensions of each house is provided in this comprehensive report (9).

Short report and survey (10)

The settlement is very well defined in open grass moorland. A number of the huts are very pronounced and some have clearly been patially reconstructed. A short length of a linear stone wall was identified at the northern limit of the settlement A disused 19th c. rifle range lies across the settlement (SX 57 SE 239) Surveyed at 1:2500 scale(11).



Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 28 1896 189-91
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Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : M.Fletcher English Heritage Field Investigation 15-October -2007
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : AP's (F62 58 RAF 6399 040 2.7.64) (RAF CPE/UK/2149 4437-8 11.6.47)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NJA 16-JUN-80
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS 1:10000 1982
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) Anc Mons Eng 2 1978 51
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Devon Comm Rescue Arch Publ 5 1979 44
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : High Dartmoor 1983 134 (E Hemery)
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Meavy Valley Archaeology Site report No.8 S.Gerrard
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquites 1994 vol 3 The South-West. Map 46. 54 J.Butler
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Victorian
Display Date : Victorian
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1837
Monument Type : Firing Range
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 42
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 831
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22305
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22307
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22317
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22318
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22303
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22304
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22306
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22319
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22320
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 SE 20
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1459781
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RIFLE RANGE,PRINCETOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1896-01-01
End Date : 1896-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 SE 20
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-06-16
End Date : 1980-06-16
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: WALKHAMPTON PREMIER ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE; FIELD INVESTIGATION PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2007-05-01
End Date : 2008-05-01