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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 440143

Hob Uid: 440143
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Walkhampton
Grid Ref : SX5674072860
Summary : A prehistoric settlement comprising the well-defined remains of two co-joined enclosures containing a total of five huts. Four unenclosed large huts are located to the west. A small hut lies to the north of the east enclosure. The settlement is situated at the foot of a clitter-covered slope in moorland grass with scattered clumps of gorse and reed. A few of the huts have double-faced walls whilst others have single faces. The largest hut, with an internal diameter of 9m and constructed of large moorland boulders and slabs, has a 6m diameter building cut into its interior. A hut on the south-west side with an internal diameter of 7.5m has a massive boulder/slab wall 1.6 m wide. The smallest hut has a 3m internal diameter and a low boulder/stone wall. The enclosure walls which comprise rubble banks have been disturbed and cut through in many places; a small circular structure lies in the southeast part. The settlement may have been re-used during the 14th/15th century as a temporary refuge for tinners.
More information : (SX 56747286) Enclosed Hut Groups & Hut Circles (NR) (1)

A group of huts with enclosures (Plan) examined in 1897/8. Notable
finds were charcoal, pot boilers, rubbing stones, a flint scraper
and pottery. Two of the sherds had chevron ornamentation. The most
north-westerly hut (No 1 on Plan) yielded tin slag and highly glazed
pottery (dated 14th/15th century by the British Museum). No other
Medieval occupation evidence was found, so secondary use as a
temporary refuge by tinners is assumed. (2-4)

On a south slope, around 358m. OD., are two co-joined enclosures
with internal and external huts, in an area in which surface quarrying has taken place.

The small NW enclosure 36m. east to west, and 48m. north to south,
predates the larger which measures 100m. east to west and 124m. north
to south. (see plan). Both have double faced orthostatic walling
with rubble infill measuring 1.6m. wide and generally 0.7m. high.
There are several entrance gaps but it is uncertain which are original features.

Two small structures lie on the east wall of the main enclosure; one
is rectangular, 3.8m. by 2.8m; the other is circular 3.8m. in diameter and may be a hut of indeterminate type.

Within the enclosures are five Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71) huts and four
similar ones are outside to the west. All have levelled interiors
with diameters ranging from 4.0m. to 8.3m. and walling averaging
1.2m. wide and 0.6m.high.

The entrances are mainly to the south. Two huts have yards or annexes
on their north-east. Two are subdivided, one with a circular structure within the main hut. Constructional differences occur with huts at 'A', SX 56697294, and 'B', SX 56677285 which have coursed Type 3 walling; the former has been adopted by tinner's (2 and 3), while the latter has an outer protective wall.

To the north of the group in clitter are the poor remains of two
Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19) huts, 2.8m. in diameter internally, with walling
0.7m. thick and 0.3m. high but with no visible entrances. They are
joined by low rubble walling, 0.6m. wide and 0.3m. high, which is
mostly hidden by the turf and clitter (see also SX 57 SE 133).

Surveyed at 1:10 000 and 1:2500 for AO Records. (5)

Scheduled, National Number 24108. (6)

This extensive site is recorded and described by Butler (7)

The well-defined remains of an enclosed settlement of five huts with a group of four large huts located outside to the west. A small hut lies to the north of the enclosure. The settlement is situated at the foot of a clitter-covered slope in moorland grass (some areas close-cropped) with scattered clumps of gorse and reed. Some of the huts have double-faced walls whilst others have single faces. The largest hut, with an internal diameter of 9m and constructed of large moorland boulders and slabs, has a 6m diameter building cut into its interior. A hut on the south-west side with an internal diameter of 7.5m has a massive boulder/slab wall 1.6 m wide. The smallest hut has a 3m internal diameter and a low boulder/stone wall. The enclosure wall, a rubble bank, has been disturbed and cut through in many places. There is widespread evidence of stone cutting and stone digging. Investigated and surveyed at 1:2500 scale (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (R H Worth)
Page(s) : 287-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 75 - 1943
Source Number : 3
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 99, 104
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 30 - 1898
Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (F62 58 RAF 6399 042-3 2 July 1964)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NJA 29-JUL-80
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Schedule amendment 10-Apr-2001
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquites 1994 vol 3 The South West map 44 p18 J.Butler
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : M.J.Fletcher English Heritage Field Investigation 25-July-2007
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Prehistoric, Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Enclosure, Hut Circle
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14-C15
Monument End Date : 1500
Monument Start Date : 1301
Monument Type : Tinners Cache, Tinners Hut
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 938
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 086/087/088/*
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24108
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 SE 41
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : YES TOR BOTTOM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1899-01-01
End Date : 1899-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 SE 41
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-07-29
End Date : 1980-07-29
Associated Activities : NEWBIGGIN HALL FARM
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: WALKHAMPTON PREMIER ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE; FIELD INVESTIGATION PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2007-05-01
End Date : 2008-05-01