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Historic England Research Records

Walkhampton Common Reave

Hob Uid: 440285
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Walkhampton
Grid Ref : SX5600070500
Summary : The Bronze Age Walkhampton Common Reave extends from the clitter-covered slopes of Sharpitor, across open moorland to terminate on a south-facing slope at a terrace of a disused railway adjacent to a small BA unenclosed settlement. It extends for 3170m and although there are some irregularites it maintains a remarkably straight course with on major re-alignment on high ground. In places where it crosses a number of slight valleys it is completely engulfed by peat.
More information : Walkhampton Common Reave. It separates the Meavy and
Walkham valleys with a remarkably straight central section, overgrown
by peat. Unlike the other 'water-shed' reaves, this one is not aiming
for a tor or skyline barrow. It is a matter of opinion whether it
can be traced north of the point where it hits the old railway
track at SX 577731. If it did continue towards Two Bridges it would
have divided the North Moor from the south at the only point where
it is necessary. (1)

The Walkhampton Common Reave can be traced from SX 56007050 in the
clitter of Sharpitor, to SX 57837307 at a terrace of the disused
Princetown to Yelverton railway line. The total distance is 3170m.
and although there are small irregularities it maintains remarkably
straight courses with one re-alignment, on fairly high ground, at
SX 56407125.

There are a number of breaks resulting from robbing, marsh, etc.,
but none that seems an original feature. (For details see
illustration plan).

Some relative chronology can be determined visually. The reave is
later than two stone rows which it crosses (SX 57 SE 46 & 135) but
earlier than some settlements on its south-east side (SX 57 SE 47,
92 & 134). The relationship of those that are isolated cannot be
established. For example, the branch reave (SX 57 SE 132) to Leeden
Tor is subsequent but runs between a number of large double walled
huts (SX 57 SE 42). These could be earlier and in use, disused, or
later than the reave.

There must be a continuance to the northeast beyond the railway
where,unlike the coarse grass elsewhere, the surface vegetation is
dense heather. This, compounded with peat growth, has concealed all
traces.

Visible remains surveyed at 1:10 000 on M.S.D.
(See also SX 57 SE 93). (2)

Scheduled (3)

Depicted by Butler (4)

This impressive stone and slab reave is very well defined along its course with only short lengths that cross the slight depressions completely engulfed by peat. There is no surface evidence to suggest that it ever extended beyond the open moorland hillside at its northern end. Surveyed at 1:2500 (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : PPS 44 1978 113-4 (A Fleming)
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 05-AUG-80
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Source Number : 3
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details :
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities 1994 vol 3 The South-West map 45 J.Butler
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : M.J.Fletcher English Heritage Field Investigation 26- June-2007
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Reave
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22323
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 57 SE 91
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 57 SE 91
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-08-05
End Date : 1980-08-05
Associated Activities : Primary, DOUSLAND TO RUNDLESTONE WATER MAIN
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: WALKHAMPTON PREMIER ARCHAEOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE; FIELD INVESTIGATION PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2007-05-01
End Date : 2008-05-01