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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 441405

Hob Uid: 441405
Location :
South Hams
Dean Prior
Grid Ref : SX6775065460
Summary : A Bronze Age enclosed settlement and the site of an adjoining medieval farmstead at Dean Moor. The enclosure measures 140 metres by 90 ketres and was excavated between 1954 and 1956. It contains 9 hut circles with an average diameter of 6.5 metres and with walls of 1.5 metres wide. The medieval settlement consisted of farm buildings and yards and pottery finds of the 13th and 14th centuries. The site has now been submerged beneath the Avon Dam reservoir.
More information : Centred (SX 67766545) Enclosed Hut Group (NR). (1)

The enclosed hut group and the adjoining Medieval homestead at
Dean Moor were excavated by Lady Aileen Fox for the Ministry of
Works in 1954-6. The enclosure of the type generally known as a
pound consisted of the remains of a dry stone wall surrounding a
sub-rectangular area of 2.5 acres.

The enclosure contains nine free standing huts, two sub-rectangular
structures built on the inside of the wall and four irregular
structures added to it externally. Finds included pottery,
whetstones and grinders, carnelian beads and a shale spinde-whorl,
which taken as a whole place the central date for occupation
as Late Bronze Age, probably continuing into the Iron Age. Also
found were 32 flints of poor quality, eight of which "would not
be out of place in a Secondary Neolithic assemblage".

There is no evidence of a flint industry contemporary with the
huts and the flints are probably relics of some earlier sparse or
transit occupation. Adjoining the pound on the south side and
incorporating part of it is a Medieval homestead covering an area
of some four acres. The farm buildings consist of a house and a
byre set side by side and linked by an enclosed yard and with a
shed or pen butted up against the west side of the house; all are
constructed of granite boulders. The buildings had been levelled
into the hillside, and set with their long axes parallel to the
slope. All the pottery from the site date from the 13th or 14th
centuries, covering at the most a period of a hundred years
circa 1250-1350.

The cartulary of Buckfast Abbey refers to a dwelling and stock
enclosure held prior to the Black Death in this vicinity, and this
is in agreement with the archaeological evidence. (The Medieval
site appears to have been destroyed by the reservoir). (2-4)

The enclosure, 140m x 90m and 1.1 ha, lies on a gentle, well
drained, south facing slope at 345m above OD and is as excavated
by Lady Fox (see authority's 2 & 3). The 9 (one double) type II
hut circles, average internal diameter 6.5m, walls 1.5m wide and
in fair condition, are terraced into the slope and have entrances
in the south quadrant.

The sub-rectangular structures measure 8m by 6m, and 6m by 4.5m;
the irregular structures about 4.5m, all internally. The lower
part of the enclosure, half of hut 8, and the entire Medieval
homestead, are submerged by the Avon Dam Reservoir.

1:10 000 Survey revised on PFD. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1969
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (Aileen Fox)
Page(s) : 18-71
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 89, 1957
Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : (Aileen Fox)
Page(s) : 141-157
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2, 1958
Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : (RAF CPE/UK/2494 4115-6)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 CC 01-JUL-77
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Hut Circle
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Farmstead
Evidence : Destroyed Monument

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 282
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX66NE64
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 66 NE 19
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, DEAN MOOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1954-01-01
End Date : 1956-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 66 NE 19
Start Date : 1977-07-01
End Date : 1977-07-01