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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 441623

Hob Uid: 441623
Location :
Devon
South Hams, West Devon
Cornwood, Harford, Dartmoor Forest
Grid Ref : SX6366067790
Summary : A single stone row running for approximately 3.1km from a cairn on Green Hill to a stone circle on Stall Moor.
More information : (SX 63526443) Stone Circle (NR)

(SX 63526443 - SX 63666779) Stone Row (NR)

(SX 63666779) Cairn (NR) (1)

A stone row, the longest on Dartmoor, and as far as is known, the
longest in the world, extends from a retaining circle on Stall Moor
northwards to a barrow on Greenhill, a distance of, 11,150ft.

The stone circle, diameter 50feet 8 inches, consists of 26 stones,
ten in the eastern half and sixteen in the western half. Within the
circle is a low barrow and a shallow trench surrounds the whole.
The tumulus on Green Hill most likely contains the remains of a
cist. There is a broken stone on the surface which has either been
a small menhir or a cist cover.

The stone row is partly covered in blanket peat showing that it was
built before the Sub-Atlantic deterioration of the climate after
900 BC. (5).

According to Falcon (4) there are about 613 stones from the circle
to Redlake (SX 637662), stone 800 is on Green Hill (SX 636678), but
the row continues to stone 896 by the Blacklane Brook depression
(SX 635683), followed by an intermittent alignment of some further
21 stones to a ruined cairn on Cater's Beam (SX 633690). (2-5)

The stone row has been surveyed between the southern extremity,
the stone circle at SX 63526443, and the apparent northern end at
Greenhill Cairn SX 63666779. The supposed extension to Cater's Beam
recorded by Falcon in 1905 could not be identified.

The stone circle at the southern end is as planned by Worth. The
Greenhill cairn is 8.0m. in diameter and 0.4m. high with a shallow
central depression. It is turf-covered with no particular features
other than small protruding stones. There is no visible evidence
of a cist.

The stone row follows an irregular course between its extremities
which are not intervisible, and for the most part along it neither
end can be seen. Generally the size of the stones and the condition
of the row deteriorates as it goes northwards perhaps a reflection
of the availability of material but to some extent resulting from
depredations by turf cutters.

Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD. (6)

A single stone row runs for some 3.1km from a cairn on the summit of Green Hill to a stone circle on Stall Moor, from SX 63656770 to SX 63516447. As described by authority6; the stone row has been disturbed by tinning in two places between Green Hill and the Forest Boundary, at SX 63656722 and 63606674. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1968
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (R Hansford Worth)
Page(s) : 227-9
Figs. : 1
Plates :
Vol(s) : 73, 1941
Source Number : 3
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (R N Worth)
Page(s) : 48
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 24, 1892
Source Number : 4
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (T A Falcon)
Page(s) : 460
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 37, 1905
Source Number : 5
Source : South-West England, 3500BC-AD600
Source details :
Page(s) : 70
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 23-APR-79
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RILEY,H. 10-NOV-1994 RCHME Field Investigation
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : SX 66 NW/ink survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Stone Alignment
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 403
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX66NW28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 66 NW 20
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 66 NW 19
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1979-04-23
End Date : 1979-04-23
Associated Activities : DARTMOOR ROYAL FOREST PROJECT
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-06-01
End Date : 1996-06-01