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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 441676

Hob Uid: 441676
Location :
Devon
South Hams
Shaugh Prior
Grid Ref : SX6076066890
Summary : A sub-circular enclosure which probably represents a hut circle with an annex on the Se side lies on a level stance. It measures internally 10.1m by 5.0m with a disturbed boulder/stone wall incorporating some upright slabs of 0.4m average height. There is no obvious entrance. A sub-circular stony spread probably the remains of a disturbed hut circle c 7.6 x 6.7m with a c 3.4m square hollow at its centre. There is a pronounced gap in the slope side which may be a possible entrance - an upright slab c 0.5m high and 1.1m long set in the down-slope side. There is evidence of a stony bank submerged under peat on E side.
More information : (SX 60766689, SX 60806687) Hut Circles (NR) (1)

Two circles at Deadman's Bottom, much resembling small huts but
with less material in the walls and no trace of entrances. The
south east circle (SX 60806687 - A) with an internal diameter of
12 feet 6 inches was opened and the interior found to be paved
with flat stones. Under the paving and up to a depth of 10 inches
in some places was a layer of decomposed granite, bright red
in colour showing that at some time a considerable fire must have
been maintained within this circle. The north west circle
(SX 6076689 - B) with an internal diameter of 15 feet was also
opened and found to be paved in a similar fashion to circle
A. The pavement had been laid straight on the earth thus shielding
the subsoil but slight patches of red baked clay were visible.

Neither in dimension nor construction do these circles resemble the so called "sacred circles" which essentially consist of a series of upstanding stones set at some distance from each other. (2)

Nothing visible on air photographs. (3)

Both features appear to be type 1 hut circles. levelled into
a slight south west slope at 390m above OD. The hut to the north
west has an internal diameter of 2.6m with on the south east, a semi
circular annex 2.0m across. The hut to the south east is 3.0m
internal diameter with an entrance gap on the south side. In both
cases the walling is 0.6m thick and 0.4m high, with turf covering
what is probably piled stones. (Type site: SX 56 SE 19).

There is no properly defined field system in the area but over
some 5.0ha there are widely spaced and fragmentary rickles of stone.
These are seldom more than 10.0m long, are contour following, and
seem never to have been longer than at present as if they represent
clearance which never developed into recognisable fields or plots.
Hut circles surveyed at 1:10000 on PFD. (4)

Two Bronze Age hut circles at Deadman's Bottom, levelled into a slight south west slope. The hut to the north west has an internal diameter of 2.6 metres in width with a semi-circular annex measuring 2 metres across on the south east side. The hut to the south east has an internal diameter of 3 metres with an entrance on the south side. In the case of both huts the walling is 0.6 metres thick and 0.4 metres high. Scheduled. (5)

Described by Butler (6)

SX60776690 A sub-circular enclosure which probably represents a hut circle with an annex on the Se side lies on a level stance. It measures internally 10.1m by 5.0m with a disturbed boulder/stone wall incorporating some upright slabs of 0.4m average height. There is no obvious entrance. A stony mound about 4.5m across and up to 0.4m high which lies to the SE may be spoil from the excavation.

SX 60796689 A sub-circular stony spread probably the remains of a disturbed hut circle c 7.6 x 6.7m with a c 3.4m square hollow at its centre. There is a pronounced gap in the slope side which may be a possible entrance - an upright slab c 0.5m high and 1.1m long set in the down-slope side. There is evidence of a stony bank submerged under peat on E side. . (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1968
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 52-3
Figs. :
Plates : IX
Vol(s) : 32, 1900
Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : APs RAF 3G TUD/UK 223 5323-4, 12-JUL-1946
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 09-SEP-78
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 06-Aug-97
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Butler J. 1994 Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities vol 3 The South-West map 50
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Fletcher M. 28-Feb-2002 English Heritage Field Investigation
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Hut Circle
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 28787
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 66 NW 40
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : DEADMAN'S BOTTOM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1890-01-01
End Date : 1899-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 66 NW 36
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-09-09
End Date : 1978-09-09