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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 441740

Hob Uid: 441740
Location :
Devon
South Hams
Dean Prior
Grid Ref : SX6815064810
Summary : The remains of a Bronze Age settlement which consists of three contiguous enclosures containing eight huts, with a further four huts to the south west. Enclosure I and hut circles Nos 1 and 2 have been entirely destroyed by quarrying. The walls of the primary Enclosures II and III appear thicker than those of Enclosure IV - up to 2.0m average; No II has several yards adjacent to the interior wall and only two huts; No III has only one hut and no yards; No IV has four internal huts, another contiguous with the inner face of the enclosure and one contiguous with the outer face; there are no yards. There is no evidence of clearance in Enclosures III and IV, but some may have been attempted in No II. All the huts are in a very ruinous state and have internal diameters ranging from 3 to 6 metres with an average of 4.0m; the walls are on average 1.0m thick. Only hut No 3 has a visible entrance, on the east.
More information : (Centred SX 68206480) Enclosed Hut Groups and Hut
Circles (NR) (1)

A Bronze Age pastoral settlement on Gripper's Hill, Dean Prior,
was excavated in July 1954 by Lady Aileen Fox on behalf of the
Ministry of Works. The site comprises four enclosures containing
ten or more huts as well as three or four outlying huts, many
ill-defined, overgrown, and all in poor condition; most of the
enclosure walls are so ruined that they appear only as an untidy
spread of loose stones but the wall of Enclosure II appears to
have been substantially built with a width of 6-7 1/2 ft on the
east side. Enclosures 2 and 3 were the primary constructions
and were most probably used for sheltering cattle whilst the
huts in enclosure 4 together with the outlying huts were used
for human habitation. (2-3)

On the south slopes of Gripper's Hill at 310-325m OD is a
settlement which consists of three contiguous enclosures
containing eight huts, with a further four huts to the south
west. Enclosure I on the plan with hut circles Nos 1 and 2
have been entirely destroyed by quarrying. The walls of the
primary Enclosures II and III appear thicker than those of
Enclosure IV - up to 2.0m average; No II has several yards
adjacent to the interior wall and only two huts; No III has
only one hut and no yards; No IV has four internal huts,
another contiguous with the inner face of the enclosure and one
contiguous with the outer face; there are no yards.

There is no evidence of clearance in Enclosures III and IV,
but some may have been attempted in No II. All the huts are in
a very ruinous state and are probably Type 1.
(Type site SX 56 SE 19) The internal diameters range from
3.0m to 6.0m, with an average of 4.0m; the walls are on average
1.0m thick. Only hut No 3 has a visible entrance, on the east.

Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1969
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (A Fox)
Page(s) : 55-62
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 87, 1955
Source Number : 3
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : (RAF/CPE/UK/2494 3114-5 11.3.48)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JGB 30-JUN-77
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Settlement, Enclosure, Hut Circle
Evidence : Earthwork, Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 66 SE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 66 SE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-06-30
End Date : 1977-06-30