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Monument Number 442531

Hob Uid: 442531
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Dartmoor Forest
Grid Ref : SX6275078790
Summary : Cairn with cist
More information : (SX 62767880) Cist (NR) (1)

The remains of a barrow 30ft in diameter and 5 ft high, containing
a cist and what appears to be part of another. Incorporated in the mound is a double circle of erect stones about 15 ft in diameter, one being 3 1/2 ft high. The more perfect cist, aligned north west - south east, is 3 feet long, 2 feet wide and 2 1/2 feet deep, its western side thrown down and its capstone pushed aside when it was robbed. An old stone hedge seems to have been built with stones from the barrow, especially on the south and west sides. (2-3)

The cist lies within three concentric circles of stones at 10, 15
and 24 feet diameters, the inner ring being of large stones, the
middle ring of smaller stones and the outer ring of even smaller
stones. The cist measures internally 0.8m by 0.6m and 0.9m deep.
Half of its capstone lies across its north end. No other cist
could be seen. It is surrounded by three circles of stones.
The inner circle, 3.5m diameter, is in good condition; the middle
one, 5.5m diameter is generally poor with a gap on its north side,
the outer circle, 8.0m diameter is in poor condition only seven
stones being visible in the southern half of its circuit. (4-5)

At each end of the cist, parallel with it and six inches distant,
are large slabs of stone. The inner circle of stones appears
to be the retaining circle of the mound. The outer two appear
to have formed a wall, 32 inches wide, with the outer stones set
as a kerb. (6)

On a S facing slope at 433.0 OD is a cairn which has been
incorporated in a boundary bank. The cairn measures 8.2m E-W
and 6.0m N-S. The southern half has been partly removed exposing
a cist orientated NW/SE which measures 0.9m long by 0.65m wide and
is 0.95m deep. The coverstone and the SW side stone have been
displaced. There is no evidence of a second cist (2,3). There
appears to be three concentric and roughly equidistant rings
of upright slabs around the cist (see plan), and these dimish in
height from the centre, being approximately 0.9m, 0.5m and 0.2m
high.

Between the rings there is an infill of stone and earth.

See ground photograph.

Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD at 1:2500 and 1:100. (7)

SX 62767880. Situated about 415m OD on a very gentle S slope of rogh grassland about 9m N of a modern enclosure wall are the remains of a cairn with central cist.
An early 19th century newtake boundary bank about 3m wide and 1m high, overlies the northern half of the cairn and has here destroyed the outer periphery. Some of the content of the bank has obviously come from the cairn.
The cairn, about 0.5m high appears to have been 5.8m to 6m in diameter with an outer kerb of large stones laid lengthways although only about seven remain around the southern perimeter. Set concentrically about 1m inside this kerb is a second more complete kerb of predominantly vertical stones, up to 0.9m high, having a diameter of 3.6m. Some of the tops of some stones of this kerb are visible protruding from the overlying bank around the NE. Because of the condition of the cairn it is difficult to ascertain if infill between the kerbs in the S is original or merely debris from the robbing.
Within the centre of the cairn is a cist of three large slabs about 0.2m thick. Internally it is 0.8m long NW-SE by 0.6 and upp to 0.9m deep, constructed with double slabs on the NW and SE ends (reminiscent of SX 67 NW 3). These have been incorrectly interoreted as the inner circle by (7). The NE slab is leaning slightly inwards. A large stone a, 1.4m long, 0.7m wide and 0.2m thick, SW of the cist, is probably the dislodged SW side slab.
The coverstone b, is laid horizontally over the N side and incorporated into the boundary bank and partly covered with turf. Its true dimensions are unobtainable but it is at least 1.5m NW-SE by 0.5m wide and 0.15m thick.
No trace was seen of a second cist (2).
There are several stones 0.6m to 2m outside the SE arc of the cairn.
They are loose, irregularly set and untypical of kerbstones and while the overall diameter corresponds with the outer circle, (4) (5) (6), they are undoubtedly debris from the cairn robbing (9).

Cairn with inner retaining circle and outer kerb (Breton even claims a triple circle). Central NW/SE cist; possible second cist claimed by Burnard. Possibly excavated c1900 `faint indications of bone ashes' in pit covered by slab (10).

No additional information.

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 22 1890 207 (R Burnard)
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc. Devon Arch Soc. 1978, 36,148, LV Grinsell.
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Source : Cairn and cist SX 67 NW 8/ink survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T. Devon. Ass 23 1891 314 map (A B Prowse)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Rec 6" ( O G S Crawford)
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Source Number : 4a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : H H Breton
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GWR 05-SEP-50
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 70 1938 60-61 plan and photo (R H Worth)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 NJA 02-NOV-79
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME App Dartmoor 1985 (RAF 540/483/4048 24-APR-51)
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 28-AUG-1989, IS Sainsbury.
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairn, Cist
Evidence : Natural Feature, Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX67NW006
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 918
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 34486
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 67 NW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 67 NW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1950-09-05
End Date : 1950-09-05
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 67 NW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1979-11-02
End Date : 1979-11-02
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 67 NW
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1989-08-28
End Date : 1989-08-28