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Historic England Research Records

Pilgrims Cross

Hob Uid: 44283
Location :
Lancashire
Rossendale
Haslingden
Grid Ref : SD7717018190
Summary : Modern inscribed stone on site of Pilgrims Cross. The cross is first documented in 1176. The shaft has long since disappeared, and the base was destroyed in 1901. Theoresent comemorative monument was set up in 1902.
More information : [SD 77171819] Stone on Site of Whowell Cross or Pilgrims
Cross [GT] (1)

Pilgrim's Cross, (Grid 7718/175195), the base of which remained
until August, 1901...is mentioned as a landmark in 1176 in the
charter of Roger Montbegon in favour of the priory of Monk Bretton
(a). (2)

At a meeting of the Society, Nov. 8th, 1901, Mr. W. Harrison
reported the destruction of the Pilgrim's Cross, on Holcombe
Moor. "The stone was seen intact by the Rev. H. Dowsett, rector of
Holcombe, on the 3rd August [1901.] but a few days later it had
utterly disappeared. Later on the fragments were found in a wet
bog-hole not far away. The stone weighed perhaps a ton, and
showed a cavity squared for the cross, which had long previously
disappeared...In very early documents allusions are made to this
cross. Pilgrim crosse-slack, in the forest of Tottington is
mentioned in a charter dated from Ightenhill in 22 Henry II,
A.D.1176, and Pilgrim cross shaw is referred to in the charter
of 1225 by which Roger de Montbegon granted land hard by to Monk
Bretton Priory"

A memorial stone marking the site was set up on the 28th June,
1902. It is five feet high, standing on a base stone four and a
half feet square, and has an inscription on each of its four
sides. (3)

The stone marking the site of the Pilgrims Cross is 0.9m square
by 1.5m high and stands on a base measuring 1.4m square by 0.6m
high. The inscription on its four sides is as follows. (West face)
"On this site stood the ancient Pilgrims Cross. It was existing
in A.D.1176 and probably much earlier. Pilgrims to Whalley Abbey
prayed and rested here.

(South face) Nothing is known of the removal of the ancient cross
but its massive socketted foundation stone remained here until
August 1901.

(East face) This memorial stone was placed here May 24th 1902 by
the copyholders of the manor and others.

(North face) In A.D.1176 and in A.D.1225 the Pilgrims Cross is
named in Charters of gifts of land in Holcombe Forest. In A.D.1662
King Charles II gave this manor to General Monk Duke of Albemarle
through whom it has descended to the present lord of the manor.

This modern stone is in good condition, and is correctly shown on
the 25" A.M. GP.AO/59/298/1 - Inscribed stone from S.E. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1927-38
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Haslingden, A Topo. Hist, 1952, p.55, (Thomas Woodcock)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Whalley, I, 324 (Whittaker)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist. Lancs., III, 94. (Baines)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trans L. & C. A. S. Vol.19, 1901, pp.271-2.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ECW 11-DEC-59
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant 1176
Monument End Date : 1176
Monument Start Date : 1176
Monument Type : Wayside Cross
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Early 20th Century
Display Date : Base destroyed 1901
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Wayside Cross
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Early 20th Century
Display Date : Erected in 1902
Monument End Date : 1902
Monument Start Date : 1902
Monument Type : Commemorative Monument
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 71 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 71 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1959-12-11
End Date : 1959-12-11