HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 44312

Hob Uid: 44312
Location :
Blackburn with Darwen
North Turton
Grid Ref : SD7163015860
Summary : Stone circle, presumed to be Bronze Age. Six stones can be traced and these are now either fractured or recumbent. There are many scattered stones in and around the circle. A single, separate earthfast stone could be an outlier.
More information : (SD 71631588) Druidical Circle (NR) (1)

(name SD 71711586) Stone Circles (NR) (2)

The stone circle on Cheetham Close, Turton was first described (a) as having only 6 stones arranged in a perfect circle of about 17yds diameter with an upright stone about 37yds nearly due E from its outward verge and another stone about 17 yds due S. Dawes (b) gives the six stones of the circle as varying in height from 1ft to 4ft, width 1ft6ins to 4ft and thickness 11ins to 2ft. He suggests that the circle originally had 9 stones. Greenhalgh (c) thought that originally there were 11 stones, 7 of which were still standing in more or less perfect condition. (3)

SD 71641589. Situated on a gentle NE slope, approximately 60m below the summit of Cheetham Close. Only six stones can now be traced with any certainty and these are either fractured or recumbent. There are many scattered stones laying on the surface of the ground in and around the circle, and a heavy concentration to the NE. The position of the remainder of the stones that were presumed to have made up the circle, could not be determined. The description of each stone is as follows:
'A' Length 0.7m, 0.4m high and 0.2m thick, embedded in peat in an E-W direction.
'B' Pyramidal, 0.5m high having a base 0.6m by 0.4m and a flat-topped surface 0.3m by 0.2m. This top appears to have been broken off in recent years. The stone is set into the ground and leans to the N.
'C' Triangular, embedded in peat, with a base of 0.5m square and standing to a height of 0.3m. Behind this is a recumbent slab 0.8m by 1.1m by 0.4m. Both stones have evidence of fractures and both are of similar substance, though it cannot be verified that one was a part of the other.
'D' Partly buried with an exposed surface measuring 0.4m by 0.3m.
'F' A recumbent slab lying E-W with the S side partly buried. The exposed surface measures 0.9m by 0.5m by 0.2m.
'G' A recumbent slab lying E-W with its W side embedded in the ground. The exposed surface measures 0.7m by 0.7m by 0.2m.
'H' SD 71631586. At 17.5m SW of stone 'A' is a single upright stone, pyramidal and set into the ground. Dimensions: 0.3m square at base tapering to 0.2m square at top, height 0.6m.
A 25" survey of these stones made on AM. (4)

SD71641589. Not enough of the circle remains for precise measurement but it appears to have been oval,about 18.5m NE-SW by 12.5m NW-SE. The remaining seven stones, some collapsed, are all embedded in deep turf. Several large stones in the turf around the circle may have come from it but this is now impossible to ascertain. 'H' SD 71631586. A single upright earthfast stone, 0.6m high and 0.3m square, which could probably be an outlier to the circle. (5)

Additional reference. (6)

Scheduled SAM No. GM 20, LA 53. (7)

SD 7165 1586. Stone circle, ring cairn and two round cairns on Cheetham Close. Scheduled RSM No 23732. (8)

Cheetham Close, Chapeltown. Before 1893 a tenant farmer deliberately smashed some of the stones of this 'Druidical circle' to discourage trespassers. Fortunately a fair plan of the settings had already been made in 1871. (9)

Both Burl's and Barnatt's descriptions of the site conform to those given above. Burl additionally speculates on the role of the outlier at Cheetham Close, while Barnatt discusses outliers more generally. (10-11).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1844-50
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1967
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 29/07/1994
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : A guide to the stone circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany
Source details : No 61
Page(s) : 68-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A Burl (1977) The Stone Circles of the British Isles, pp77, 205, 263, 346
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : J Barnatt (1989) Stone Circles of Britain: Taxonomic and distributional analyses and a catalogue of sites...; British Archaeol Report 215, p356
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Merrivale Guardianship Area/Report
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Source details : Major GJ French
Page(s) : 42-51
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12, 1894
Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Camb Soc I 11 8 1829
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3b
Source : Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Source details : Matthew Dawes
Page(s) : 132
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4, 1851
Source Number : 3c
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details : T Greenhalgh
Page(s) : 524-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27, 1871
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ECW 31-DEC-59
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ISS 26-JAN-76
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The archaeology of Greater Manchester journal
Source details : M Fletcher
Page(s) : 19-25
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3, 1987/88
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Greater Manchester 3.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Stone Circle, Standing Stone
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GM 20
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LA 53
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 23732
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 71 NW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 44348
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 43439
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 71 NW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1959-12-31
End Date : 1959-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 71 NW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-01-26
End Date : 1976-01-26
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEETHAM CLOSE SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31