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Historic England Research Records

Fourfold Circle

Hob Uid: 443527
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Gidleigh, Chagford
Grid Ref : SX6595086010
Summary : The remains of a stone circle with a robbed cairn. The stone circle consists of four concentric stone rings. A turf-covered cairn measuring 10 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres high has a central cist which has been robbed. Scheduled.
More information : (SX 65968601) Triple Circle (Stone Circle) (NR)
(Remains of). (1)

A barrow with a four-fold retaining circle marks the southern end
of a Stone Row ('B' SX 68 NE 16). The outer circle,
consisting of nine standing stones and one fallen stone, is
approx 29 feet in diameter to the internal faces of the
stones. Possibly seven stones are missing. The inner circle,
approx 19 feet in diameter, has six standing stones and possibly
once had four more. The third circle, approx 15 feet in
diameter, consists of eight standing stones and possibly once
had two more. The innermost circle has four stones,two standing,
and possibly once had two more. The diameter is approx 8 feet.
With the exception of Lukis every observer has described this as
a triple circle. (2)

A small barrow with peristalith 25ft in diameter, two interior
circles of othostats and a wrecked cist. (3)

A cairn at the southern end of a stone row with four circles
of stone, the outermost with a diameter of 30 feet. Immediately
adjoining the circle are two large fallen stones. One is a
pillar 11 1/2 feet long and the other a slab over 7 feet with
one end broadly triangular in shape. They probably stood facing
each other at the ed of the stone row. (4)

Fourfold Circle (NAT) Stone Circle (NR). (5)

None of the authorities consulted gives this cairn a proper
name. Triple Circle and Fourfold Circle are always used
descriptively.

A turf covered cairn, 10.0m in diameter and 0.4m in height with
a ruined central cist of small slabs.

Two concentric circles of orthostats and a perimeter circle
protrude from the turf. See photograph.

Surveyed at 1:2500. (6)

SX 65968601 Fourfold Circle a sub-circular configeration of four apparently consentric stone rings. The outer ring has a diameter of 9m, the others have diameters of 6.4m, 4.7m and 2.4m respectively. The monument comprises 29 visible stones. Most are approximately 0.3m in height although they vary from 0.1-0.55m. The middle two rings define the bottom and top of the scarp of a small earthern cairn apparently an integral part of the monument. It is most pronounced on the E (downslope side). In the centre is a roughly sub-circular pit measuring 1.3m by 0.7m and 0.45m deep; it is probably the remains of a badly robbed cist.
On the N side are two fallen stones. When upright they may have served as a focal point for the end of the stone row (SX 68 NE 16 B). They measure 3.4m and 1.2m in length, the former being inscribed `GP' (for Gidleigh parish) and confirming its reuse as a boundary stone. Both stones lie within a pronounced erosion hollow 0.3m deep. If the stones did function as a pair at the end of a stone row, then their relationship with the fourfold circle is unclear.
(See RCHME archive survey `The Stone Rows on Shovel Down' at 1:200 scale). (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1900
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 284-5
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Vol(s) : 64 (1932)
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Source : Shovel Down Stone Rows/ink survey
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Source : Castor Parallel System NMR description sheet
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Source : Castor Parallel System/ink survey
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Source : Shovel Down/ink survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Correspondents Annotated 6" Sheet (Lady A Fox 1950)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pettit P. 1974. Prehistoric Dartmoor, 149-54
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Source Number : 5
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JWS 09-JUL-74
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 19-SEP-1991, WR Wilson-North.
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Source Number : 8
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 238
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Vol(s) : 73 (1941)
Source Number : 9
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 29-Apr-98
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Source : Shovel Down Stone Rows/ink survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairn, Cist, Stone Circle
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 28663
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 68 NE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 68 NE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-07-09
End Date : 1974-07-09
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 68 NE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1991-09-19
End Date : 1991-09-19