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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 443808

Hob Uid: 443808
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Dartmoor Forest
Grid Ref : SX6540081500
Summary : A robbed and damaged Bronze Age stone row and cairn.
More information : (Stone Row) (Cairn (Rems of) [OE] (From Cairn at 20/6851/4266 to `N' at 3946) (1)

The row in double, fairly well preserved for a short distance from the cairn, hut dicapidated to an increasing degree as the newtake mall is approached to the South. The length of the row is at least 620 feet as measured from the centre of the cairn. The direction of the length is N 1 degree E. (2)

Cairn and double rear. Directions of rows incorrect as shown on this (sic) edition. Rows do not extend hey and the stone hedge at `B'-20/6581/4247. (3)

The alignment of the stone row is correct as shown at present. It is not in very good condition, only a few stones being visible. The cairn is in bad condition there being little evidence of its existance. (4)

(SX 65398146 to SX 65428165) Stone Rows (NR). (5)

A double stone row, 620 ft in length from the centre of a cairn at
the north end, running nearly due south and slightly downhill. Well
preserved at the north end for a short distance but becoming more
dilapidated as it approaches the newtake wall at the south end. (6)

Centred SX 65408156. A robbed and damaged double stone row with the remains of a mutilated cairn at its N end are situated on a gentle SW-facing slope overlooking a broad shallow valley at 445m O.D. The hillslope, under close-crpped moorland pasture, is covered by a deep layer of peat; very little surface stone is visible in the area.
SX 65418165. The cairn has been so badly disturbed probably by excavation and stone robbing, that its precise size and form are now indeterminate. It measures from 8m to a maximum 10m across and up to 0.3m high. It is composed of stone and soil but no kerb slabs are visible. There is no visible evidence of the stones noted by Robinson and Cosford. (7)

It has a shallow amorphous depression in the centre and a narrow trench-like disturbance around both the N & W fringes. A small irregular mound on the south may be a spoil heap.
SX 65418165 to SX 65398146. The stone row which protrudes through the deep peat layer can be traced in on almost unbroken line from the cairn, down the slope to the boundary wall between Great Stannon and Little Stannon newtakes. The 1983 survey by Greaves and Robinson indicated that it extended into Little Stannon for a further 350m, however a few on-line earthfast stones were the only evidence for the extension visible in 1990. The vegetation in Little Stannon is only lightly grazed so consequently the ground cover is low gorse bushes, heather and thick tuft grass-which effectively hides the alignment.
The Great Stannon double stone row is 185m long and lies down a convex slope. The height difference between the base of the cairn at the top of the row and the base of the newtake wall is approximately 16m. The top and bottom of the row are not intervisible because of this height difference and the rounded convex hillslope. The row has a marked change of alignment just over halfway along its length. This suggests that it may have been built in two places; it is significant that the stones in the N part are taller and more substantial then those in the S. The N, uphill, part about 105m long has 32 upright or leaning slabs, 21 recumbent slabs and approximately 19 almost completely buried stones - some could be natural sub-surface features. The largest upright measures 0.9m long, 0.3m wide and 0.4m high; the tallest upright is 0.7m high and the largest exposed recumbent slab is 0.75m by 0.45m and 0.3m thick. The width of this row is about 0.65m; the spacing of the stones is now difficult to deduce. The lower(s) part of the row, c.80m long, is composed of small, upright slabs; the majority are almost completely engullged by the peat. They are now each about 0.2m long, 0.15m wide and the tips protrude 0.1m to 0.2m above the turf line. They are securely set into the ground approximately 1.7m apart but, again, the spacing is difficult to deduce. Approximately 30 upright stones are visible and at least 3 partially buried stones. Three earthfast boulders lie irregularly spaced on a line parallel to the S end of the row, c.6m to the E; they probably have no archaeological significance. (8)

Scheduled National Number 28760. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1906
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 306
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Vol(s) : 78, 1946
Source Number : 3
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" 1948 (RH Warch)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : LS Renier 10-JUN-1952
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Source Number : 5
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dartmoor 1953 225-6 (R Hansford Worth) R1 DPH 23-NOV-1976
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dartmoor 1953 225-6 (R Hansford Worth)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings
Source details :
Page(s) : 166-170
Figs. :
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Vol(s) : 44, 1986
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Fletcher M.J. 08-OCT-1990 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 9
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Schedule amendment 20-Mar-2001
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairn, Stone Alignment
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX68SE67
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX68SE70
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 28760
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 68 SE 22
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RCHME: DUCHY FARMS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31