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Historic England Research Records

Broadun

Hob Uid: 443926
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Dartmoor Forest
Grid Ref : SX6354079930
Summary : Enclosed settlement.
More information : SX 635800 Enclosure & Hut Circles (NR). (1)

Broadun. A very large pound of about 12 acres, containing 17 huts,
lies on the south slope of Broad Down. The huts are circular, and
range from 9 to 15 ft in diameter; they contain hearth-stones and
'cooking-holes'. Some are paved, and some have entrances with
orthostatic jambs. Small finds from excavation included many
pot-boilers, fragments of flint rubbing-stones, and pieces of
charcoal. One heap of stones proved on examination to contain a pit,
4 ft deep and 4 1/2 ft long, containing a mixture of charcoal and
bone ash. This was probably a cairn, and may be compared with the
examples that occur in some of the Caernarvonshire settlements.

On the trackway leading to Broadun a large number of flints,
including two arrow heads, have been found (a). (2)

Plan (3) Visible (4). (5)

An enclosed settlement known as 'Broadun' centred at SX 635800, on the south-facing slope of Broad Down at 425.0 - 390.0m OD. Its maximum
dimensions are approximately 300.0m north east-south west by 250.0m
northwest-south east giving an area of 6.0 ha. the remains of the
enclosure wall now form a rubble bank averaging 0.6m in height running parallel to and outside a newtake wall which has been largely
constructed of material from the old wall. The enclosure has been cut
through on the south east by a leat but the course of the wall is
visible. Inside the enclosure are 36 Type 1 hut circles with a further three outside the southern perimeter. The condition of the huts is
mostly poor, though three are in reasonably good condition. Their
average internal diameter is 3.7m with an average thickness of walling of 1.3m; the largest has a measurement of 13.0 x 10.5m and the
smallest a diameter 2.5m. Twenty three of the huts have entrances on
the south east, south or south west side. The enclosure wall appears
to be contemporary with or later than the huts. There is some
indication that the interior of the enclosure has been cleared.

No trace could be found of the cairn referred to (2).
(Type Site : SX 56 SW 19).

Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD and at 1:2500 for AO Records. (6)

Only 4 hut circles are visable within this enclosure. (7)

SX 63547992. Situated on the rough grass covered SE flanks of Broad Down at about 405m O.D. this large enclosed settlement known as 'Broadun' contains at least 36 hut circles. (See plan at 1:2500). (8)

Skirted on the inside by a newtake wall for most of its periphery the settlement wall is mainly reduced to a much robbed rubble bank, spread up to 5m in width and 0.5m high in places. Only a few large outer facing stones remain around the N. The wall encloses a sub circular area 300m NE-SW by 260m transversely, about 6ha. No entrance can be seen, but it may have been in the SSE where the wall has been cut through and overlaid by the Powder Mills heat and its embankment.

The hut circles are mostly constructed of turf covered stone and rubble walls, incorporating large boulders or outcrops and often severely robbed. They cover much of the interior although two, (35 and 36), are set on the outer lip of the wall in the SE. They range from 2.5m to 6.5m in diameter, inside walls 1m to 1.8m thick and 0.3m to 0.7m high. Only 11 ill-defined entrances can be determined, all in the S. arcs. (See attached table for details).

A larger oval hut, or small enclosure (40), about 12m NE-SW by 10m transversely within a turf covered rubble wall 1.5m wide 0.4m high, is set on the inside lip of the settlement wall in the ESE. No entrance is visable.

Fragments of turf covered rubble walls (41) accompany two hut circles (13 and 14) in the NW and another in the SE forms an elogated 'O' shaped enclosrure (42) attached to the outer face of hte settlement. One hut (38), shown by authority 6, appears to be a cairn (see SX 67 NW 220), whilst another (37) is probably no more then a fortuitous spread of rubble.

At (29) is a rather amorphous stony area 7m NW-SE by 5m, with what may be a fragment of walling on the NE side. This is almost certainly the site of Burnard's (8) No 10 which he depicts as an elongated pecked oval (though the number is apparently misplaced). He describes it as "not a circle but a heap of stones like a small cairn, near what appeared to be a short piece of straight wall". The amorphous area seems to represent the site of a cairn since Burnard's excavation records a pit with charcoal and burnt bones. A further table of information on the settlement is held in the archive. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1965
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch Camb 101 1951 63-4 (W E Griffiths)
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Source : Broadun Settlement/ink survey
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Source : Broadun Settlement/ink survey
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 26 1894 191-3 196 plan (R Burnard)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Devon Ass 23 1891 311 plan (A B Prowse)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : AP's (RAF/540/176 5121-2)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) Record Form 21.1.76
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JGB 02-OCT-78
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME App Dartmoor 1985.
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dartmoor Pictorial Records 1986, Plan, R Burnard.
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 29-SEP-1989, IS Sainsbury.
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Enclosure, Hut Circle, Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX68SW048
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 977
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 34492
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 68 SW 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 68 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-10-02
End Date : 1978-10-02
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 68 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1989-09-28
End Date : 1989-09-28