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Historic England Research Records

Hembury Castle

Hob Uid: 444797
Location :
Devon
South Hams
West Buckfastleigh
Grid Ref : SX7263068450
Summary : Earthwork remains of an Iron age univallate hillfort; a bronze axe and sling stones were also found on the site.
More information : (SX 726684) Hembury Castle (NAT) Hill Fort (NR). (1)

A kidney shaped earthwork consisting of two banks with a
Medieval ditch. Bronze axe and sling stones have been found in
it. (2)

An early Iron Age Camp. (3)

Hembury Castle is a contour-following hillfort. It is formed by
a double rampart which extends for the whole of the perimeter
though much of the inner slope of the inner rampart has been
destroyed. The outer rampart of counterscarp bank is weakest
on the north-east where natural slopes afford some protection.
A number of small causeways occur in the deep medial ditch. These
are not modern and may represent the limits of sections of work
during the original construction or subsequent deepening which
may have taken place during a possible Medieval phase of
occupation (see SX 76 NW 7).

The original entrance appears to be on the south-east and is of
simple type. Three other breaks in the defences, on the
south-east, north, and west, are of much later date and carry
footpaths in modern use.

Surveyed at 1:2500. (4)

Hembury Castle, a kidney shaped univallate hillfort that occupies the
SE shoulder of a southwards projecting hill spur at a height of 178m
OD. It has a motte and bailey constructed on the highest part of its
interior (See SE 76 NW 8).

Generally well preserved, the site has been partly cleared of trees
and scrub by the owners - National Trust. The site is now crossed by a modern track (see illus card, copy of archive plan at 1:1000). It
covers an area of some 2.8ha and is approx 250m E-W, by 140m.Its main
defence has been the massive ditch with inner rampart and
counterscarp bank of dump or glacis construction (for full
description see archive account). (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : VCH Devon 1 1906 617-8 plan
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Source Number : 3
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (C and A Fox undated)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 27-MAY-60
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ISS 21-JUL-88
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Source : Hembury Castle - Univallate Hillfort
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Source : Hembury/ink survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Univallate Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : AXE
Object Material : Bronze
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Univallate Hillfort
Object Type : SLING SHOT
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 141
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 76 NW 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 444802
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 76 NW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1960-05-27
End Date : 1960-05-27
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 76 NW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1988-07-21
End Date : 1988-07-21