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Broad Barrow

Hob Uid: 445043
Location :
Devon
Teignbridge
Widecombe In The Moor, Manaton
Grid Ref : SX7057079890
Summary : The earthwork remains of a bowl barrow.
More information : Broad Barrow (Tumulus) [O.E.] [SX 7057 7990] (1)

Broad Barrow is of earth and stones with a central depression
(a). Lady Fox gives the diameter as from 142' - 150' and the
height as 5'6", with a broad rim of stones and rushy centre
suggesting turf (b). Crawford mentions signs of an enclosing
ring of uprights in the skirts of the barrow (c). (2)

This is a bowl-barrow 2.0 m. high and grass-and-heather
covered except on the southwest of the perimeter where a broad
band of stones is exposed including some possible retaining
stones. A boundary stone inscribed "Broad Burrow" is in the
centre of the mound. A 25" Survey has been made.

Ground photograph: see A0/53/43/5. (3)

(SX 7057 7990) Broad Barrow (NR) (4)

Barrow. (5)

SX 7057 7989: Broad Barrow. A large round barrow situated on the
highest point of Hamel Down with commanding views in all directions.
The main N-S ridge-top track passes close to the E side. Four paths
lead onto the mound, causing slight damage but providing some clues
to the barrow structure [see below].
A boundary stone with rounded head is placed top centre and is
inscribed: "Broad Barrow" [E face] and "DS 1854" [W face]. It is one
of a series erected on the bounds of Natsworthy Manor, which at that
time belonged to Edward Augustus Seymour, the 11th Duke of Somerset.
(6)

Broad Barrow is a heather-covered barrow 40-43m (across the main
mound) and 50m (including the small outer slopes) in diameter and up
to 3.2m high. The top centre is flat and forms an irregular, recessed
area between 0.3m and 0.6m deep: this may be the result of an
excavation which has been concealed and landscaped subsequently, but
there is nothing documented. The rim shows slight evidence of upcast.
There is a minor disturbance at A and an old path B leads out to the
SE.
The main slope is markedly stepped, and can be divided into upper and
lower slopes. On the N and E arcs the former falls to a flattish
ditch-like depression between upper and lower slopes. The upper slope
appears to be stone-free (the path cuts show clean soil), whereas the
lower slope is visible very stoney (as are the path cuts]. A
disturbance at D has cut back steeply into the slope to 0.6m,
exposing a mass of medium and large-size stones, depositing them
outwards in a concentrated jumble. Among them three edge-set, upright
thin slabs E and F, the largest 1.1m long and 0.6m high, are possibly
part of a structural revetment.

This dual slope and step in the profile is almost certainly due to a
composite construction of earth and stone as noticed by Lady Fox [b].
Vegetation and soil on the lower slope thinly covers a large
circular ring bank of stones, whose apex is visible only at C, the
apparent depression between upper and lower slopes, but in fact the
only place where the ring bank in not concealed by erosion from
above. The upper slope forms the earthen part of the barrow inside
the stone ring. This would put Broad Brrrow into exactly the same
type as the N mound at Two Barrows (SX 77 NW 22) and similar to
Single Barrow (SX 77 NW 23).

Around much of the barrow is another slight slope, G, averaging
c.0.3m hugh and separated from the foot of the main slope by a slight
berm. It is too regular to be soil slip and is probably part of the
barrow structure. H is another slight slope beyond G on the W side.

Grinsell's MANATON 10. (8)

Surveyed at 1:500. (9)




Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1906
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME Recorder EG 09-MAR-1960
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Devon Archaeol Soc 36 1978 85-180 (LV Grinsell)
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 PP 18-JUL-1990
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Source : Field report on SX 77 NW 1 - 10-MAR-1960
Source details :
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Source : Broad Barrow, Hamel Down/ink survey
Source details :
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Source : Field report on SX 77 NW 1 - 18-JUL-1990
Source details :
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Source Number :
Source : Broad Barrow, Hamel Down/pencil survey
Source details :
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trans Devon Ass Vol 5 1872 554 (C Spence Bate FRS)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Lady A Fox, Corr 6" June 1950
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Source Number : 2c
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : O.G.s. Crawford, Rec. 6", undated
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 10-MAR-1960
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM App Dartmoor 1985 (RAF RP 541/540/3743 01-Jul-1950)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A Field Guide to the Boundary Markers in and around Dartmoor 1986 19 (D Brewer)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Devon Archaeol Soc 4 1948-52 1-19 (A Fox)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Round Barrow
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Boundary Stone
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX77NW 004
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 369
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 77 NW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION SX 77 NW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1960-03-10
End Date : 1960-03-10
Associated Activities : RCHME: DUCHY FARMS PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31