HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Clitheroe Castle

Hob Uid: 44689
Location :
Lancashire
Ribble Valley
Clitheroe
Grid Ref : SD7422041650
Summary : The upstanding and buried remains of Clitheroe Castle, an enclosure castle constructed during the late 11th to early 12th centuries. The surviving medieval parts of the castle include the stone keep and the adjacent curtain wall which surrounds the keep on all sides except the south. A bailey lies to the south of the keep and was originally surrounded by a curtain wall. The keep is at present (1997) roofless and floorless and was originally a three storied building. Entrance to the bailey was originally through a gatehouse. This gatehouse has now been demolished but its remains survive as a buried feature. Clitheroe Castle is a scheduled monument and a Grade I listed building.
More information : [SD 7424 4169] CLITHEROE CASTLE [GT] (Rems of). (1)

Clitheroe Castle. A motte (sic) and bailey structure situated on an isolated limestone crag. It is not an earthwork in the accepted sense, for no soil was available on the crag, but stone was abundant. The remains consist of a walled keep north of the bailey, the wall being 12ft. high internally and 6 ft. thick and was probably the original defence. The keep is 20 ft. square internally with walls 10 ft thick.
Plan AO/55/115/3.
The castle is mentioned in a grant of 1102. Print showing the castle in 1753. AO/55/213/4. Scheduled. (2-5)

Nothing identifiable as the remains of earthworks exists in the ornamental grounds surrounding the castle mound. The keep is in a fair state of repair. See GP AO/61/166/7 for southern aspect of the keep. (6)

Clitheroe Castle. Grade I. A castle noted in Domesday Book. Consists principally of a small C12 square tower keep with flat corner turrets, one of which contains a staircase. Entrance, originally into the 2nd storey, is now by breaches into the ground storey. All floors appear to have been of wood. The keep is advantageously placed on a steep crag. The inner bailey must have been to the S and fragments of ancient walls and masonry are to be seen in the park and incorporated into buildings, stables and offices (qv). (7)

SD 742 416. Clitheroe Castle. Scheduled No LA/4. (8)

Additional references. (9-10)

Listed by Cathcart King. (11)

The castle, formerly a possession of the Lascy family of Pontefract, passed to the House of Lancaster in 1311, and thence to the Crown in 1399. (12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 523
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 245
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-83
Source Number : 12
Source : The history of the King's Works, volume 2 : the Middle Ages
Source details :
Page(s) : 614
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Halifax Antiquarian Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 249-53
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1929
Source Number : 4
Source : Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 48-53
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19, 1901
Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Ministry of Works 1958 Ancient Monuments of England and Wales p 61a
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 26-Sep-1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Ribble Valley, 30 September 1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Lancashire March 1994 p 13
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 08/04/1997
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Lancashire
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 25

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Late 11th to early 12th centuries
Monument End Date : 1132
Monument Start Date : 1067
Monument Type : Castle, Keep, Bailey, Curtain Wall, Gatehouse, Kitchen, Workshop, Storehouse, Chapel
Evidence : Ruined Building, Structure, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 111799
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LA 4
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 27747
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 182766
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 74 SW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1129713
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 74 SW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1961-09-26
End Date : 1961-09-26
Associated Activities : Primary, CLITHEROE CASTLE, CLITHEROE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CLITHEROE CASTLE, MOOR LANE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CLITHEROE CASTLE PROPOSED KEEP FLOODLIGHTING AND ATRIUM SITE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CLITHEROE CASTLE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CLITHEROE CASTLE GAS MAIN
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31