HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Powderham Castle

Hob Uid: 447985
Location :
Devon
Teignbridge
Powderham
Grid Ref : SX9681083600
Summary : Powderham Castle was built between 1390 and 1420 of rubble with limestone and sandstone. The only remaining elements of the Medieval castle are the east and west towers, the Marble Hall, the Ante-Room and the chapel. The facade was extensively altered and the building extended in brick during the reign of Elizabeth I. During the Civil War the building was garrisoned for the King however it was returned in 1646. The castle was again altered in the 18th and 19th centuries and notably the libraries, staircase and triangular tower date to the 18th century. There are no indications of any earthworks surrounding the castle, although it is known that the modern garden overlies an older version.
More information : (SX 96818360) Powderham Castle (NR). (1)

Powderham Castle, ancient seat of the Courtenay family for more than five hundred years, is far older than its present apperance. The oldest part dates from between 1390 and 1420 but extensive alterations in the 18th. and 19th centuries have given the effect of a later date. During the Civil War it was garrisoned for the King but surrendered to Col. Hammond in 1646.

The medieval east and west towers, together with the Marble Hall, the Ante-Room and the chapel (originally the grange of the medieval house) belong to the earliest period of 1390-1420. In the reign of Elizabeth I one of the Courtenays started to re-model the facade on the favourite E-plan and added a central brick porch and a brick wing to the right to balance the existing barn (chapel) on the left. The earliest internal details date from the period of Queen Anne.

The spectacular stair-case was rebuilt in 1755 together with the libraries. Between 1770 and 1775 the Music Room was added and in 1773 the triangular Belvedere Tower was erected. Other alterations and additions, including the gateway, were made in Victorian times. (2-5)

Powderham Castle is generally as described above. Some disagreements about the dates of alterations occur but the number and type of alterations make it impossible to reconcile these differences with any certainty. The raised modern garden covers the area of the early eastern courtyard and gatehouse, as shown in an illustration of 1734 (5), obliterating any trace of them. There is no evidence of any earthworks around the castle.

House revised at 1:2500 on M.S.D. (6)

Powderham Castle. Grade I
(See also SX 98 SE 29 for the Belvedere). (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Devon St Thomas Rural District. September 1949
Page(s) : 99
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Devon
Source details :
Page(s) : 248-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pepys P. 1980. Guide to Powderham Castle
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : (4 July 1963)
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NJA 22-SEP-82
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Teignbridge, December 1988. 137
Page(s) : 137
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Devon
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 11

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed 1390-1420
Monument End Date : 1420
Monument Start Date : 1390
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C16 alterations
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1500
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C16 alterations
Monument End Date : 1599
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1710-1727
Monument End Date : 1727
Monument Start Date : 1710
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1754-55
Monument End Date : 1755
Monument Start Date : 1754
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1794-98
Monument End Date : 1798
Monument Start Date : 1794
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1837-1846
Monument End Date : 1846
Monument Start Date : 1837
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 85987
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 98 SE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 447995
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 98 SE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1982-09-22
End Date : 1982-09-22