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Historic England Research Records

Kingston Russell Stone Circle

Hob Uid: 450256
Location :
Dorset
West Dorset
Kingston Russell
Grid Ref : SY5778308782
Summary : Kingston Russell Stone Circle is a large irregular circle of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date, consisting of eighteen fallen conglomerate or sarsen stones situated on a chalk ridge 750 metres north east of Gorwell Farm. In 1815 one stone to the south was still standing. The circle appears to retain its full number of stones, although many of them may not be in their original positions. Two stones of a similar kind to those comprising the circle lie by the side of an adjoining fence (see record 450259). The circle has a diameter of 30 metres and has 18 visible stones. The stones vary in size from 2 metres by 0.5 metres to 1 metre by 0.3 metres, although partial burial may mean some of the stones are significantly larger. It is thought possible that the circle may have been graded in height with the tallest stones to the north. The site is in the guardianship care of English Heritage. Scheduled.
More information : (SY 57788782) Stone Circle (NR) (1)

Called Kingston Russell circle. Stones of sarsen with many flints and water worn pebbles (one at least quartize), a conglomerate - all are prone. (2)

Kingston Russell Stone Circle consists of eighteen fallen conglomerate (5) or sarsen (4) stones, the largest of which is about 8 feet long forming an irregular oval 80 feet by 91 feet (5) or 80 feet by 60 feet (4). In 1815 one stone to the south was still standing. The circle appears to retain its full number of stones although many of them may not be in their true positions. Listed as especially worthy of preservation (5).
Two stones of a similar kind to those comprising the circle lie by the side of an adjoining fence (see SY 58 NE 7). (3-5)

A newly erected notice at the site consists of a Ministry of Works plate with the name Kingston Russell Stone Circle. There are eighteen stones, one small one in addition to those on the OS 1:2500 and all are as depicted on Authority 5's plan. All the stones, of conglomerate and sarsen, are prone. The circle is situated upon downland. (6)

At Kingston Russell Circle there were originally between fourteen and eighteen stones around the circumference of a ring 91 feet in diameter but it is now impossible to decide which of the fragments are bases and which are broken upper parts. Although it cannot be certain it seems that this ring was graded in height with the tallest stones at the north. A stone is supposed to have been added to the ring in recent years. Kingston Russell Stone Circle scheduled and under Guardianship. (7)

An account of the stone circle as it was in 1815, at which time only one stone was standing, the 'rest being thrown down'. (8)

Large irregular stone circle of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date, consisting of eighteen fallen conglomerate or sarsen stones situated on a chalk ridge 750 metres north east of Gorwell Farm. The circle appears to retain its full number of stones, although many of them may not be in their original positions. Two stones of a similar kind to those comprising the circle lie by the side of an adjoining fence (see SY 58 NE 7). The circle has a diameter of 30 metres and has 18 visible stones. The stones vary in size from 2 metres by 0.5 metres to 1 metre by 0.3 metres, although partial burial may mean some of the stones are significantly larger. Scheduled. (9)

Source 10 includes a brief accessible overview of Kingson Russell Stone Circle for visitors. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:2500 1902
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Rec 6" (O G S Crawford) Undtd
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Heritage Unlocked: Guide to free sites in Devon, Dorset and Somerset
Source details :
Page(s) : 48-49
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Dorset 1872 illust (C Warne)
Page(s) : 116
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Antiquity
Source details : plan (S & C M Piggott)
Page(s) : 142-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13, 1939
Source Number : 4a
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : OS Map of Neolithic Wessex 1932 No 141 refs
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Dorset. Vol. I : west
Source details : xxvii plan No 4
Page(s) : 127
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 12-APR-55
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Megalithic rings : plans and data for 229 monuments in Britain
Source details : plan (A & A s Thom & A Burl)
Page(s) : 118-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 81
Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : EH Scheduling affirmed, 11-MAY-1995
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : EH scheduling amendment, 31-OCT-1995
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Stone Circle
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Stone Circle
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DO 3
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22924
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : EH Property Number
External Cross Reference Number : 275
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1011987
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Dorset)
External Cross Reference Number : 1 058 004
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SY 58 NE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 884087
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 450259
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 450273
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SY 58 NE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1955-04-12
End Date : 1955-04-12