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Historic England Research Records

Abbotsbury Castle

Hob Uid: 450349
Location :
Dorset
Abbotsbury
Grid Ref : SY5558086570
Summary : Bivallate Iron Age hillfort, developed from an earlier univallate hillfort.
More information : Abbotsbury Castle on Wears Hill, 700' above OD. Internal area 4.5
acres, total area covered about 10 acres. The enclosure occupies part
of the top of a ridge and is of roughly triangular form. The N, S and
E sides are defended by two ramparts with a medieval ditch following
the natural contours. At the SE end the defences consist of four
ramparts of which the innermost, now of slight elevation appears to
mark the original end of a single-ditched camp of the type associated
with Iron Age 'A'. This early rampart was superceded by a new bank,
raised outside and largely obliterating the early ditch, and
supplemented by two new ditches, forming a complex characteristic of
the Iron Age 'B'. At the W end there appears to have been an
enlargement of the defences, but here the most notable addition is a
small enclosure of squarish plan, with a ditch cutting through the
main ramparts of the camp. It has been conjectured to be a Roman
signal post, but there is no evidence [RCHM survey plan and
sections]. (1)

SY544866 Excavations at the south west corner of Abbotsbury Castle Hill-fort proved that a Roman Signal Station was not present (2-4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM 1952 West Dorset 10 No 31
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : (R Goodburn)
Page(s) : 360
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7, 1976
Source Number : 3
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details : (J Beavis)
Page(s) : 56
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 96, 1974
Source Number : 4
Source : Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
Source details : (J Beavis)
Page(s) : 51
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 95, 1975
Source Number :
Source : RCHME: Abbotsbury Castle, Dorset
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Bivallate Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Signal Station
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Dorset)
External Cross Reference Number : 031A
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DO 88
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SY 58 NE 36
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ABBOTSBURY CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31