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Historic England Research Records

Rochdale Castle

Hob Uid: 45159
Location :
Rochdale
Rochdale
Rochdale
Grid Ref : SD8912012860
Summary : The motte and bailey, built in the early post-Conquest period, stood on what is now Castle Hill. The mound, 100 feet across at the base and flat-topped, stood at the apex of a triangular platform. The bailey to the South was an irregular square, approximately 120 feet from North-South by 100 feet East to West. It was surrounded by an earth rampart and ditch with a second ditch added to the South and South-East. The castle was abandoned in the early 13th century.
More information : (SD 89121286) Site of Rochdale Castle (NR) (1)
Castle Hill (NAT) (2)

Rochdale Castle (motte & bailey) is situated about 1/4 mile to the south-west of old Rochdale Parish Church, upon the top of a natural feature called 'Castle Hill'. The earthworks are considerably mutilated by modern development, but Fishwick's plan (see illustration) depicts them as they were in 1823. The mound, now demolished, stood at the north end of the hill, at the apex of a triangular platform, and was flat topped, with a basal diameter of about 100ft. The bailey, to the south, was an irregular square measuring 120ft east to west, and 100ft north to south. An earthen rampart which formerly surrounded it is still intact on the east, west and part of the south sides, together with traces of an outer ditch. There was originally a second ditch at the foot of the hill to the south and south-east.

The Castle was an important fortalice in early Norman, perhaps even in pre-Conquest days. It was abandoned certainly as early as the first years of the 13th century. (3)

(SD 89121286) Castle Hill on site of (NAT) Rochdale Castle (NR) (4)

No remains, now completely built over. (5)

Listed by Cathcart King. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1851
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov Edn
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 538
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Source Number : 3a
Source : Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society
Source details : 1901 (H Fishwick)
Page(s) : 46-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:1250 1973
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHP 29-SEP-76
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Source Number : 6
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 247
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-83

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Early post-Conquest
Monument End Date : 1087
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Abandoned in early C13
Monument End Date : 1232
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 81 SE 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 81 SE 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-09-21
End Date : 1976-09-21
Associated Activities : LAND AT CASTLE HILL HOUSE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31