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St Andrews Church

Hob Uid: 451729
Location :
Dorset
Portland
Grid Ref : SY6968071110
Summary : The ruins date to the middle of the 12th century, excvavations at the site have uncovered the remains of an earlier church of unknown date. The 12th century church was rebuilt in the 13th century and was extended in the 14th and 15th centuries, reaching its greatest size by 1500. Structural problems, caused by a geological fissure running under the south east corner of the church made extensive repairs necessary in the 17th century. The church was abandoned in 1756 and since then has been a ruin. Built of rubble with ashlar dressings.
More information : (SY 69687111) Church [NR] (remains of) [NAT] (1)

The church of St Andrew, abandoned as unsafe in the mid 18th century and now a ruin, stands in the upper part of a re-entrant in the cliff, on a level site which has been strengthened by a high retaining wall. The remains of the walls are of squared stone and rubble. The church was built in the 12th century and the lower part of the chancel walls of this date survive, together with the north respond of the chancel arch and the south footings of the nave. In the 14th century the church was damaged by fire and reconstructed with a narrower nave, of which the lower part of the north wall only survives. There are also footings for a projection south of the west end of the nave. A 14th century arch is rebuilt in the boundary wall at the north west corner of the churchyard, and several 17th century headstones remain. The site was excavated by J Merrick Head (a) and has since been disturbed by a bomb. (2)

St Andrew's Church: excavation in progress. (3)

Excavation and conservation work during 1981 and 1982 showed that the C12 church had a central lantern tower. The nave was extended westwards in the early C14 and a detached west tower added in the C15. At three points within the nave, the foundation of an earlier church was located. Accurate dating was not possible, but a Saxon foundation date is not unlikely. (4,5)

St Andrew's Church. Remains. Grade II*. (6)

Description of the developmental history of the church with illustrations. (7)

Mentioned. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS 1:10000 1978
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM Dorset 2 pt 2 1970 249 No 2
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Dorset Nat Hist Archaeol Soc 19 1898 123
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JGB 30-JUL-80
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Dorset Nat Hist Archaeol Soc 102 1980 92 (A M Hunt)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Dorset Nat Hist Archaeol Soc 103 1981 127 (A M Hunt)
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DoE (HHR) Dorset: Weymouth & Portland (Portland) Sep 1978 (5)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeol Journal 140 1983 74-6 plans (A Hunt)
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bldgs of Eng: Dorset 1972 341 (N Pevsner & J Newman)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Built pre-mid C12th
Monument End Date : 1133
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built mid C12th
Monument End Date : 1166
Monument Start Date : 1133
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt C13th
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14th extension
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C15th extension
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1400
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Repaired C17th
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Abandoned 1756
Monument End Date : 1756
Monument Start Date : 1756
Monument Type : Church
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DO 51b
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Dorset)
External Cross Reference Number : 2
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 96750
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1002698
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1205384
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SY 67 SE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 868091
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 868100
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SURVEY BY K F WILTSHIRE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, CHURCH OF ST ANDREW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1898-01-01
End Date : 1898-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST ANDREW
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1978-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHURCH OF ST ANDREW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1980-01-01
End Date : 1982-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SY 67 SE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1980-07-30
End Date : 1980-07-30