HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Bury Castle

Hob Uid: 45189
Location :
Bury
Bury
Bury
Grid Ref : SD8034010850
Summary : Remains of medieval moated manor house fortified by licence granted by Edward IV in 1469, after which it became known as Bury Castle. It was later razed to the ground by order of Henry Tudor. Excavation of the site in the 1970s revealed six main phases of development and decline, the first construction of a house platform and moat being in 1359-1400. Some remains have now been consolidated and are on public view.
More information : (SD 80201080) Castle Croft (NR). (1)

Licence to crenellate the manor house at Bury was granted in 1469 when it became known as Bury Castle. It was later razed to the ground by order of Henry Tudor. In 1865, while excavating for a sewer on 'Castle Croft', foundation walls of the Castle were discovered three feet below the surface. They consisted of a quadrangular wall about 120ft by 113ft enclosing a massive keep. Also within the enclosure stood the fortified manor house measuring about 83ft by 63ft in the form of a parallelogram. There had further been a large outer courtyard about 600ft by 450ft. Coins from the reign of Edward have been dug up from time to time in the neighbouring gardens. (2)

No visible remains, the site is now covered by modern development.(3)

SD 804112. Excavation on the site of Castle Croft in 1973 by N Tyson for Bury Museum and Bury Archaeological Society located the south section of a buttressed enclosing wall and the remains of an earlier turf wall in front. Medieval pottery, wood and leather were recovered. (4)

Excavations between 1973 and 1977 defined 6 phases of the development and decline of Bury Castle:
1) (1359-1400) Construction of house platform (c47 x 41m) and first phase of moat.
2) (c1470) Moat widening and construction of enclosing wall.
3) (c1490-1600) Dismantling of standing structures and silting of moat.
4) (c1600-1700) Attempts at moat consolidation and extension of property boundaries.
5) (c1700-1800) Completion of consolidation and site development.
6) (1800-1865) Further development leading to Hardwick's discoveries of 1865. (5)

Scheduled, SAM No. GM 1. (6)

Scheduled. (7)

Remains of Bury Castle at the junction of Castle Street and Cooper Street have been cleaned and consolidated, and are on public view. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : Ordnance Survey 6" 1851
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pilkington J 1912 History of the Pilkington Family p 64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : First OS Archaeology Field Investigator 22/01/1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 209
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18
Source Number : 5
Source : The archaeology of Greater Manchester journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 89-130
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 6
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Greater Manchester March 1994 4
Page(s) : 4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 02/01/1997
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Inf: OS Surveyor 14-Jun-2000
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1359-1400
Monument End Date : 1400
Monument Start Date : 1359
Monument Type : Moat, Manor House
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licence to crenellate 1469
Monument End Date : 1469
Monument Start Date : 1469
Monument Type : Moat, Fortified Manor House, Wall
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GM 1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 27595
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 81 SW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : BURY CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1865-01-01
End Date : 1865-12-31
Associated Activities : BURY CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 81 SW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-01-22
End Date : 1976-01-22
Associated Activities : CASTLE BUILDINGS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : BURY CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31