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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 45403

Hob Uid: 45403
Location :
Lancashire
Pendle
Bracewell And Brogden
Grid Ref : SD8761048280
Summary : An earthwork on Gilbeber Hill was originally thought to be a Roman exploratory camp. However, it is more likely to be of medieval origin.
More information : [Centred at SD 8762 4828] Ancient Earthwork [T.I.] (1)

A rectangular camp at Gilbeber Hill,the E. and W. sides 24 yds.
each, the N. and S. sides 25 yds. each, with an opening on the N.
side 14 yds. from the E. corner. The corners are rounded, the
ramparts 2ft. high and composed of materials from the ditch
outside.
[SD 84 NW] Believed to be a Ro. exploratory camp. (2.)
On Gildersben Hill,Bracewell,are some works traditionally ascribed
to Prince Rupert, during his march through Craven in 1644. A small
square encampment, strengthened by a long rectilinear Fosse, which
descends the hill slope, on each side, to the plain below.(3.)
(2-3)

Surveyed. This earthwork bears no close comparison with the example
quoted, and is not strengthened by a fosse. It is of larger
proportions both in area and strength of rampart. The only feature
common to all three earthworks within the parish each of which have
been compared to one another, See SD 84 NE 5 for the third) are
their isolated positions on the summits of knolls. The origin and
purpose of this enclosure is unknown, though Dr. A. Raistrick(a.)
is of the opinion that it cannot be pre-Roman. His assessment of
a possible dating is confined to the discovery of Md. pottery
in a similar, though unspecified earthwork near Skipton. (4)

Condition unchanged. Survey of 15.8.61 checked and still correct.
(5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Brad. Ant. N.S. Vol. 4 1913 p.44 (P. Ross)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : 'Hist. Craven' 1878 p.99 (Whitaker)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ECW 18-SEP-61
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Letter (Dr. A. Raistrick 12.9.61)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RL 19-DEC-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Rectangular Enclosure
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 84 NE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 84 NE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1961-09-18
End Date : 1961-09-18
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SD 84 NE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-12-19
End Date : 1963-12-19