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Historic England Research Records

Tosson Tower

Hob Uid: 4618
Location :
Northumberland
Northumberland
Whitton And Tosson
Grid Ref : NU0293000520
Summary : Ruins of a tower house, probably built in the late 15th century. The stone building still stands up to first floor level, though the south east corner has collapsed. Most of the facing stone was robbed in the 18th century, leaving only the rubble core. The tower house was not included in the 1415 survey but was documented in 1517.
More information : [NU 02930052] Tower [NR] (In ruins) (NAT) (1)

Tower at Great Tosson. (2)

Great Tosson: a small village south of the river Coquet, in which are the remains of an old pile. (3)

Described in the 1541 Survey as a tower of the Lord Ogle, and not in good repair. [Not mentioned in the 1415 Survey, pp 13-19].

The Ogles obtained lands at Tosson in about 1330, but the tower is probably of later construction. It measures about 25 feet east-west, 18 feet north-south. There has been a slit at the west end of the vault. Very near the south-east corner there remains portions of the jamb and springing of the inner arch of the doorway. Some traces of the stair are left in the north-east angle, and above these a square-headed door and flat roofed passage is seen form outside. (4)

In 1517 William Ogle gave Tosson Tower to Lord Ogle in exchange for Cocklaw Tower. The vault still remains, but the arch of it much broken. The masonry is good, the walls 8 feet thick; doorway to the south-east. The Simonside hills rise to the south, to the north-esst it overlooks the valley. (a) (5)

All that remains is a portion of the massive walls to a height of 30 or 40 feet, being 9 feet thick at the base. It has been a border pele of the ordinary type, with probably a barmkin. It stands on a slight eminence on the brink of a spring of water.

The tower was probably built about the end of the 15th c. or beginning of the 16th c. (6)

Description correct as in authorities (4), (5) and (6). Except for
parts of the E and N wall the facing stone have been robbed leaving the rubble core. The vault has collapsed but the springing is still visible. The SE angle of the building has also fallen but the door jamb referred to by authority (4) still remains. No trace remains of the barmkin mentioned by authority (6).

The tower is in fair condition although wind-sown saplings are growing from the top of the walls. (7)

Condition unchanged. (8)

Tosson Tower. Grade II*. The remains of a C14 pele tower built with remarkable good mortar as shown by its standing after all its lower facing ashlar has been removed.42 ft x 36 ft, walls 9 ft thick.(9)

Tosson Tower, Grade 2* (see list for details). (10)

NU 0293 0051. Great Tosson tower house. Scheduled RSM No 20877. The apparently free-standing tower house, probably of late 15th century construction, survives to first floor level, a height of
7m. (11)

Listed by Cathcart King and Dodds. (12,13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1926
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Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Arch Ael 4th Series 16 1939 182 Map of Md Northum and Durham (R.N.Hadcock)
Page(s) : 182
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 16
Source Number : 9
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : MHLG (Prov HHR) Rothbury RD, Northum Sept 1948 13
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Source Number : 10
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) District of Alnwick Northumberland 29.5.87 49
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Source Number : 11
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Scheduling Amendment 6/10/93
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Source Number : 12
Source : Bastions and Belligerents: Medieval Strongholds in Northumberland
Source details :
Page(s) : 192-3
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Source Number : 13
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 342
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Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Arch Ael 3rd Series 13 1916 13 List of Ruined Towers Chapels etc in Northum c1715 (J C Hodgson)
Page(s) : 13
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Vol(s) : 13
Source Number : 3a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Ms John Warburton
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Source Number : 4
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Arch Ael 2nd Series 14 1891 45 392 (Photo opp.392) (C.J.Bates)
Page(s) : 45 392
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Vol(s) : 14
Source Number : 5
Source : Northumberland County History
Source details : NCH XV 1940. 395-6 (Ed M Hope Dodds)
Page(s) : 395-6
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Vol(s) : 15
Source Number : 5b
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : John Hodgson MSS. M. 61
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Upper Coquetdale 1903 329-330 (D. Dixon)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 EG 07-FEB-56
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RE 18-AUG-71
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Late C15
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1467
Monument Type : Tower House, Pele Tower, Barmkin
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Stone robbed in C18
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Tower House, Pele Tower, Barmkin
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 80
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20877
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 236322
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NU 00 SW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NU 00 SW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1956-02-07
End Date : 1956-02-07
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NU 00 SW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-08-18
End Date : 1971-08-18