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Historic England Research Records

Fort Monckton

Hob Uid: 462038
Location :
Hampshire
Gosport
Gosport
Grid Ref : SZ6117097810
Summary : A bastion trace fort built by 1783, named after the then Governor of Portsmouth. Its main period of use was during the Napoleonic War, when it was heavily armed. It was rearmed in the 1870s, however by 1902 it was armed only with four machine guns mounted on infantry carriages and two machine guns on parapet carriages. During the First World War it was used as searchlight battery and was armed with a Maxim gun on a parapet carriage. Thereafter it not rearmed again, except in the Second World War when it housed an anti-aircraft battery and was used as a store and barracks. For some time it was used by the Royal Navy; it is now a military training site under the aegis of the British Army known as No. 1 Training Establishment. There is no public access to the site.
More information : (SZ 611978) Fort Monckton (NAT) (1)

Fort Monckton (SZ 611 978)

Monckton was one of the many works erected during the Napoleonic Wars, its first appearance in the records being the 1805 return which shows twenty-four 36-pounder, twenty-three 18-pounder and twelve 12-pounder mounted there, which argues that it was of some importance in those days. This importance declined when the newer defences were built and Monckton was relegated to a beach defence role. The work is of bastioned trace, with two bastions commanding the sea front; it is enclosed by a dry ditch of elaborate trace with the remains of two 'redans' or triangular outworks and the whole was then surrounded by a considerable wet ditch, most of which has been canalised over the years until it is hardly recognisable as an obstacle.

By 1870 it had been provided with a number of 7in Armstrong guns but when these became obsolete the work was not re-armed and became simply a barrack and store. It later passed into the ands of the Royal Navy, in whose care it remains today. (2)

In use by the Ministry of Defence. (3)

The fort at Gilkicker Point (SZ 69 NW 22) built in 1779 had only been intended as a temporary measure and from 1779-80 a more permanent fort was being placed North-East of Gilkicker Point. Originally known as Fort Gilkicker, it was renamed after Lt. General Monckton the Governor of Portsmouth. It was intended to be a detached redoubt providing flanking fire in support of Fort Blockhouse, (SZ 69 NW 20). Two features of particular interest are the caponiers at the South-West and North-East end of the moat where the moat could not be enfiladed from the bastion. In plan they are an arrowhead shape. They are a very rare feature of C18th military engineering. Detailed description. See illustration cards. (4)

(SZ 611 978) Fort Monckton [NAT]. See illustration card. (5)

Overview of the history of Fort Monckton. This website notes that it is an active military training site and that it is inadvisable for members of the public to try and view the fort at close quarters. (6)

Listed. (7)

Fort Monckton located at SZ 613 978. In 1902 it was armed with four machine guns mounted on infantry carriages and two machine guns on parapet carriages. By 1914 it was armed only with one Maxim gun on a parapet carriage. (8-9)

The fort is generally in good condition. Some new buildings are visible within the area and some alteration of the fort has occurred. Hardstanding for the emplacements and magazines appear to remain intact. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10 000 1978
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Coast defences of England and Wales, 1856-1956
Source details :
Page(s) : 139-40
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JGB 02-FEB-83
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : The Portsmouth Papers No 30 Western Defences of Portsmouth Harbour 1400-1800 Dec 1979 (G H Williams)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1: 2500, 1972
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : David Moore.2006. [original article written 1993] Palmerstone Forts:Fort Monckton <> [Accessed 08-JAN-2007].
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Migrated Defence of Britain Project database record originally compiled from various sources
Source details : The two databases developed by the Project can be searched on-line through the Archaeology Data Service at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/index.cfm
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England. Volume 6.1. Coast Artillery, 1900-1956
Source details :
Page(s) : 167-176
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6.1
Source Number : 9
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England. Volume 6.2. Coast Artillery, 1900-1956
Source details :
Page(s) : 259
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6.2
Source Number : 10
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two Coastal Batteries
Source details :
Page(s) : 73
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : completed by 1783
Monument End Date : 1783
Monument Start Date : 1783
Monument Type : Bastion Trace Fort, Coastal Battery
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Victorian
Display Date : Rearmed 1870s
Monument End Date : 1879
Monument Start Date : 1870
Monument Type : Coastal Battery, Bastion Trace Fort
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : First World War
Display Date : WW1 use
Monument End Date : 1918
Monument Start Date : 1914
Monument Type : Searchlight Battery
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : World War II
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Anti Aircraft Battery
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Late 20th Century
Display Date : Use change
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Military Training Site
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HA 436
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : DoB Anti Invasion Database UID
External Cross Reference Number : S0015106
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SZ 69 NW 21
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 238782
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 462029
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 462047
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 462041
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SZ 69 NW 21
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1983-02-02
End Date : 1983-02-02
Associated Activities : FORT MONCKTON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : FORT MONCKTON, THE CAPONIER
Activity type : PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : THE DEFENCE OF BRITAIN PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-04-01
End Date : 2002-03-01
Associated Activities : FORT MONCKTON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : GOSPORT HISTORIC CENTRE
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31