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Historic England Research Records

Castle Hill

Hob Uid: 465687
Location :
Kent
Folkestone and Hythe
Folkestone
Grid Ref : TR2140037950
Summary : A large oval ringwork and bailey on spur of North Downs with strong counterscarp banks. It was apparently in existence in 1095 and 1137. Excavations in 1878 showed that the ditches were V-shaped, cut in solid chalk, without revetment. A well, and a deep pit containing animal bones, pottery and an arrow-head were found. Decorated chalk fragments, a penny of Stephen and wheel-made pottery, some of it having a green glaze were also discovered. Metal finds included knives, bolt-heads, nails and horseshoes. A bowl barrow also occurs on the site.
More information : TR 2140 3795. Castle Hill (NAT)
Motte & Bailey (NR) (1)

The earthwork known as Caesar's Camp or Castle Hill 1.75 miles north-west of Folkestone Harbour, was excavated in 1878, by Pitt-
Rivers who found it to be a castle mound with two attached courts but with no trace of any walled enclosure; probably erected by the Conqueror or possibly temp. Stephen. In 1949, however, a fall of
earth exposed a portion of walling 10 ft long and 3 ft high in the southern face which seemingly supported the causeway across the inner ditch. A Roman ridge tile (in Folkestone Mus) was also found but the association is probably accidental. Scheduled.
(See plan ASO/55/105/3(2)). (2-5)

Extensively mutilated by wartime and other activities. Resurveyed at 1:2500. (6)

See ground photographs. (7)

TR 214 379. A large oval ringwork and bailey on spur of North Downs with strong counterscarp banks. (a) It was apparently in existence in 1095 (b) and 1137. Excavations in 1878 showed that the ditches were V-shaped, cut in solid chalk, without revetment. A well, and a deep pit containing animal bones, pottery and an arrow-head were found. Decorated chalk fragments, a penny of Stephen and wheel-made pottery, some of it having a green glaze were also discovered. Metal finds included knives, bolt-heads, nails and horseshoes. (8-9)

Fine camp on a prominent hill above Folkestone. The entrance is in the north-east angle. Scheduled as an ancient monument - Kent 69. (10)

The name which the site popularly bears is 'Ceasar's Camp', but no serious writer on Kentish antiquities makes use of that name, calling it instead 'Castle Hill'. From the size and form of the site, and the lack of finds of Roman date one cannot reasonably conclude that it is of Roman work, let alone that of Caesar. (11)

In the excavations by Pitt-Rivers at 'Caesar's Camp' a large number of fragments of horse-shoes and nails were found in all parts of the camp. They were for small horses, and the form of the shoes points to a Norman or post-Norman date. (12)

Additional bibliography - not consulted. (13-16)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : Ordnance Survey 25" 1959
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Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeologia : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 429-65
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 47, 1883
Source Number : 9b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dugdale's Monasticon Anglicanum 4 p674 (ed J Caley)
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Source Number : 10
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE(IAM) Record form 3 Nov 1986
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Source Number : 11
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
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Vol(s) : 10, 1986
Source Number : 12
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details :
Page(s) : 25-26
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Vol(s) : 1, 1937
Source Number : 13
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Allcroft A 1908 Earthworks of England p 418
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Source Number : 14
Source : British Numismatic Journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 187
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Vol(s) : 6, 1909
Source Number : 15
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bibliography of the Topgraphy of Britain 1 No 6 Pt 2 1780-1790 p 63
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Source Number : 16
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent 3 1778-99 p377
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Source Number : 17
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 01/07/1996
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Kent, volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 415-8
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details :
Page(s) : 147
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 63, 1950
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Monuments in England and Wales 1961 p 59
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : First OS Archaeology Field Investigator 06/05/1964
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Second OS Archaeology Field Investigator 10/10/1973
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Source Number : 8
Source : Norman castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 189-90
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 231
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Source Number : 9a
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Kent, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 236
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Norman
Monument End Date : 1154
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Ringwork, Bailey, Approach Road
Evidence : Earthwork, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : COIN
Object Material :
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Ringwork, Bailey, Approach Road
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, ARROWHEAD, KNIFE, NAIL, HORSESHOE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery, Metal

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : KE 69
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 12826
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TR 23 NW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 465837
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CAESAR'S CAMP,CASTLE HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1878-01-01
End Date : 1878-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TR 23 NW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-05-06
End Date : 1964-05-06
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TR 23 NW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-10-10
End Date : 1973-10-10
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE HILL, EUROTUNNEL WORKS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31