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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 47487

Hob Uid: 47487
Location :
Kirklees
Kirklees
Huddersfield
Grid Ref : SE0851017530
Summary : Excavations uncovered the remains of the bath house of the Roman fort at Slack and the vicus; it existed from cAD 80 - AD 140 and had rudimentary defences which connected it to the fort; an altar dedicated to Fortune was also found.
More information : A vicus of hutments grew up at Slack but the only permanent building outside the fort was the Bath-house [sited to SE 0853 1746 from excavation plan.]. It was here that the altar dedicated to Fortune was set up (fig.24). The earliest bath-house, of Agricolan date, c.AD 80, was of two rooms. There were alterations and additions about AD 104 and again c.AD 120.(figs 25,26) [See SE 01 NE 2 for further details]. (1)

There are no visible remains of the bath-house. Its site falls in an arable field, and is indicated by a large depression, the surface of which is liberally strewn with broken tile and pottery sherds. The reconstructed hypocaust is exhibited in the grounds of Tolson Memorial Museum. (2)

Description correct. (3)

SE 085176 Excavations for MPBW in the possible settlement to the north of the fort, in advance of the construction of the Pennine motorway, revealed at least two series of timber framed buildings lining the south side of the Chester to York road, the latest series being Hadrianic. Nothing necessarily later than AD 140 was found and main occupation of the annexe could have ended about the same time as the fort. Much of the area investigated was riddled with Roman pits and gullies. Rudimentary defences linked the settlement to the fort defences in Hadrianic times. (4-5)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Tolson Memorial Museum Pub's No.4 1925 pp41-4 p40 fig 24, p42 fig 25, p43, fig 26 (I A Richmond)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey archaeology field investigator 1 RWE 10-JAN-61
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : Ordnance Survey archaeology field investigator 2 JRF 10-DEC-64
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 242
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 42-3 - 1969
Source Number : 5
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 391
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 42 - 1970

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 140
Monument Start Date : 80
Monument Type : Bath House, Vicus, Town Defences, Pit, Gully, Altar
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 01 NE 12
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 47459
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : SLACK FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1865-01-01
End Date : 1865-12-31
Associated Activities : SLACK FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1866-01-01
End Date : 1866-12-31
Associated Activities : SLACK FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1958-01-01
End Date : 1961-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 01 NE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1961-01-10
End Date : 1961-01-10
Associated Activities : SLACK FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1962-01-01
End Date : 1963-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 01 NE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-12-10
End Date : 1964-12-10
Associated Activities : SLACK FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1970-12-31
Associated Activities : SLACK FORT (M62 CONSTRUCTION SITE)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1969-01-01
End Date : 1970-12-31