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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 49 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942659
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1152742787
Summary : A Bronze Age round barrow, known as Amesbury 49, survives as slight earthworks and forms part of the Cursus Barrow Group (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow measures approximately 26m in diameter: it comprises a sub-circular mound with slight traces of a ditch visible to its south-west. It was listed as a bowl barrow by both Goddard and Grinsell (Amesbury 49). The barrow was excavated by Colt Hoare in the early 19th century without result (Barrow 34). A rough flint pick found on the surface of the barrow is in Devizes Museum. The barrow was considered in good condition in 1913 but was severely damaged by ploughing in the mid-20th century, when it is also visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. The round barrow was surveyed by English Heritage in April 2009 at a scale of 1:1000 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : `A'- SU 11524278; Amesbury 49, a bowl barrow 57ft in diameter and 2ft high. A rough pick from the surface of the barrow is in Devizes Museum. (1) Excavated by Colt Hoare (Barrow 34) with no result. (2)

Amesbury 49; a bowl barrow 0.4m high with traces of an 0.2m deep ditch on the southern side. Published 1:2500 surveys revised. (3)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 49 by Goddard. With a note by Maud Cunnington: condition good, 1913, never ploughed. (4)

English Heritage list two barrows at this location. (5)

The barrow is visible as a very slight earthwork and a cropmark on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (7-10)

The Bronze Age round barrow referred to above (1-10) survives as damaged earthworks which were surveyed at 1:1,000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The barrow had been damaged by ploughing in the early and mid-20th century, when it is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs (see sources 7-10). The round barrow measures approximately 26m in diameter: it comprises a sub-circular mound with slight traces of a ditch visible to its south-west. The mound stands 0.2m high: it's top measures 13m and the base of the mound is 19m in diameter. The ditch measures circa 6m wide and is 0.2m deep. (11-12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 151
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 163
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/02-AUG-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
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Source Number : 12
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) : 85-2010
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 11-JAN-71
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Record Form 21-FEB-1995
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Source Number : 6
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 564
Page(s) : 190
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1143/18 (CCC 5203/0566) 09-FEB-1934
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1049-50 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/16/249-50 (811/249-50) 17-MAR-1975
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/73-4 (18559/22-3) 09-JAN-2000
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Later Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Later Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, PICK
Object Material : Flint

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW733
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10341
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 420
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 942661
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942662
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942674
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1119431
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 942672
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31