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Historic England Research Records

Crawley Tower

Hob Uid: 4875
Location :
Northumberland
Hedgeley
Grid Ref : NU0689016520
Summary : Ruins of tower house, built in the early 14th century. A licence to crenellate was granted in 1343. A 2 storey cottage was built within the walls in the 18th century, when the ruins were altered to form an eyecatcher on the Shawford Estate. Evidence in the masonry indicates that there was once a structure attached to the north east side of the tower house.
More information : [NU 06891652] Tower [GT] (1)

Crawley Tower may be dated to about 1300 (2). Licence to crenellate was granted 20th Nov 1343 (3), and the tower is mentioned in a survey of 1466 (4)(authority (3) gives this date as 1415). In 1541 the tower was "in decay" (3) and in a survey of c 1715 it is called "ruinous" (5).

This tower, now much hemmed in with modern buildings, has been robbed of many of its most interesting features. The plan was presumably rectangular and the unbroken fronts on south and west sides which measure 50 feet and 36 feet 6 ins. respectively represent the original. (6)

Condition unchanged. (7)

Ruins of tower house, built in the early 14th century. A licence to crenellate was granted in 1343. A 2 storey cottage was built within the walls in the 18th century, when the ruins were altered to form an eyecatcher on the Shawdon Estate. Evidence in the masonry indicates that there was once a structure attached to the north east side of the tower house. Listed. (8)

Listed. (9,10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Northumberland, volume fourteen : the parishes of Alnham, Chatton, Chillingham, Eglingham, Ilderton, Ingram and Whittingham, the chapelries of Lowick and Doddington
Source details :
Page(s) : 408-410
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.14
Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1926
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Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 9, 17, 42
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14, 1891
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Monthly Chronicle of North Country Lore 14 1890 185
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hodgson J. 1820. History of Northumberland 1, part III, 28
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Source Number : 6
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 7
Figs. :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 DS 16-MAR-70
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Source Number : 8
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Alnwick, 28-AUG-1987
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 331
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Bastions and Belligerents: Medieval Strongholds in Northumberland
Source details :
Page(s) : 114
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Early C14
Monument End Date : 1332
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licence to crenellate 1343
Monument End Date : 1343
Monument Start Date : 1343
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C18
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Folly, House
Evidence : Ruined Building, Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 236575
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 61381
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NU 01 NE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 4885
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NU 01 NE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-03-16
End Date : 1970-03-16