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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 48 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942712
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1170042790
Summary : A Bronze Age round barrow, known as Amesbury 48, survives as earthworks and forms part of the Cursus barrow cemetery (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow has an overall diameter of 38m and comprises a roughly circular mound, only 0.3m high, surrounded by a concentric ring ditch, with a very slight outer bank. A slight causeway crosses the ditch to the north of the mound. Excavations by Colt Hoare in the early 19th century (Barrow 33) recovered a primary cremation with beads of stone, amber and faience, some of which are in Devizes Museum. In 1913 Maud Cunnington noted the barrow was in good condition having never been ploughed but the barrow was subsequently ploughed for much of the 20th century. The barrow was listed as Amesbury 48 by Goddard (as a disc-shaped barrow) and by Grinsell (as a bowl barrow with outer bank). The barrow was surveyed at 1:1000 by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The surviving earthworks suggest the central mound was relatively broad with no berm between the barrow mound and the surrounding ring ditch: perhaps a saucer barrow.
More information : `F'- SU 11704279; Amesbury 48, a bowl barrow with a ditch and outer bank; overall diameter 136ft. (1) Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 33) located a primary cremation with stone, amber and fiaence beads, a number of which are in Devizes Museum. (DM 399-405). (2-3)

A ditched bowl barrow 32m in diameter, 0.9m high and with a 0.4m deep ditch to the north. The barrow has been under plough, although now fenced in, and the outer bank and the ditch to the south have been effaced. (4)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 48 by Goddard. With a note by Maud Cunnington: condition good, 1913, never ploughed. (5)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (7-9)

The Bronze Age round barrow referred to above (1-9) was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The round barrow has an overall diameter of 38m and comprises a roughly circular mound, only 0.3m high, surrounded by a concentric ring ditch, with a very slight outer bank. A slight causeway crosses the ditch to the north of the mound. The top of the mound measures circa 15m and the base is 22m in diameter. The ditch measures circa 9m wide and just 0.1m deep and a slight outer bank, 3m wide and 0.2m deep, flanks all but the north-western side. It is visible as a white chalk ring on aerial photographs (see sources 7-9) which show the site under arable cultivation. The surviving earthworks suggest the central mound was relatively broad with no berm between the barrow mound and the surrounding ring ditch: perhaps a saucer barrow. (10-11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : LV Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 205
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 163
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Source Number : 11
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage
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Vol(s) : 85/2010
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : FK Annable, DDA Simpson (1964) Guide Catalogue to the Neolithic and Bronze Age Collections in Devizes Museum, nos 399-405 (DM313-316)
Page(s) : 57
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 11-APR-69
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Source Number : 5
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 6
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 567
Page(s) : 191
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1050-1052 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1242/127 (WAP 11820/27306) XX-XXX-1977
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/64 (15197/23) 03-JAN-1995
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/02-JUN-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Saucer Barrow, Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Saucer Barrow, Round Barrow
Object Type : CREMATION, BEAD
Object Material : Amber, Stone, Faience

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10342
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW749
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 430
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219815
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 942709
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942696
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942705
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942691
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942703
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31