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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1505684

Hob Uid: 1505684
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6795841284
Summary : The fragmentary remains of a Medieval strip field system and possible deserted settlement are visible as earthworks (although some have been levelled) on aerial photographs around North Barton. Parallel lynchets extend N-S to the east and west of the current buildings at North Barton. These cover an area measuirng 360m E-W by 110m N-S. To the south of these there is a possible toft, or small square enclosure and possible former property boundaries. Extending westwards from here there are further remains of possible fields. These have an unusual appearance for this area and appear to comprise an E-W headland from which boundaries extend southwards. This is in contrast to the extensive parallel lynchets of the medieval strip fields found around the villages and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).
More information : The fragmentary remains of a Medieval strip field system and possible deserted settlement are visible as earthworks (although some have been levelled) on aerial photographs around North Barton. Parallel lynchets extend N-S to the east and west of the current buildings at North Barton. These cover an area measuirng 360m E-W by 110m N-S and are centred at SS 6803 4136 and SS 6822 4133. To the south of these there is a possible toft, or small square enclosure and possible former property boundaries. These are centred at SS 6820 4123. Extending westwards from here there are further remains of possible fields. These have obviously been truncated on their southern side and only the upper parts of the fields can be seen on the available aerial photographs. These extend over an area measuring 525m E-W by 70m N-S between SS 6809 4127 and SS 6753 4130. These have an unusual appearance for this area and appear to comprise an E-W headland from which boundaries extend southwards. This is in contrast to the extensive parallel lynchets of the medieval strip fields found around the villages and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).
(1-2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/20-DEC-1998/RCHME: Challacombe, West Exmoor
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Riley H and Wilson-North R 2001 The Field Archaeology fo Exmoor English Heritage, Swindon
Page(s) : 98-99
Figs. : 4.13
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Settlement, Strip Field, Field System, Lynchet
Evidence : Earthwork, Levelled Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 152
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CHALLACOMBE, WEST DEVON
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1999-12-01
End Date : 1999-12-01