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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 216679

Hob Uid: 216679
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
South Cerney
Grid Ref : SU0470097670
Summary : Site of a Norman or 12th century castle. Excavations in 1935-6 revealed a square well, masonry, roofing and glazed tiles and 16-17th century pottery. Medieval pottery, mainly 12th century in date, was also found. The castle may have been built by Milo Fitzwalter and captured by King Stephen in 1139 although the earthworks at Ashton Keynes [SU 09 SW 8] have also been suggested for this event. Scheduled.
More information : (SU 047976) Castle (NR) (Site of). (1)

The castle at South Cerney is identified by Bazeley and Kennen with that recorded as being built by Milo FitzWalter and captured by King Stephen in 1139, although the earthworks at Ashton Keynes (SU 09 SW 8) are suggested by Renn as an alternative site for this event. Excavations at South Cerney (at 'A' SU 04729763) by Rev F Kennen in 1935-6 revealed a square well, masonry, roofing tiles, glazed tiles, 16-17th century pottery and farthings of Charles I. Twelfth century pottery was later found on the site. (2-5)

See annotated 1:2500 survey. (6)

This was an adulterine castle. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
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Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (W Bazeley)
Page(s) : 381
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Vol(s) : 3, 1878-9
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Gesta Stephani Regis Anglorum Edn london 1846 59 & 61
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Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wm of Malmesbury Hist Nov Edn London 1815 582
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Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (F Kennen)
Page(s) : 55
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Vol(s) : 53, 1931
Source Number : 4
Source : Norman Castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 314
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Source Number : 5
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Rec 6" (HE Donovan 1937)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 07-JAN-70
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Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 181
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Source Number :
Source : SU 09 NW 11 (1969)
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Possibly Norman or C12
Monument End Date : 1170
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Adulterine Castle, Well
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C16-17
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1500
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Adulterine Castle, Well
Object Type : TILE
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Post Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 322
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 294
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 09 NW 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 216753
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, SOUTH CERNEY CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1935-01-01
End Date : 1936-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 09 NW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-01-07
End Date : 1970-01-07
Associated Activities : Primary, LITTLE ORCHARD, SILVER STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31