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Historic England Research Records

Thornhill Hall

Hob Uid: 51113
Location :
Kirklees
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SE2563018890
Summary : Site of a 13th century hall house and a 15th century house, excavated between 1964 and 1972. The later house, built circa 1450, was stone-built and H-shaped in plan. Fragments of stone walling are all that survive above ground. The excavations also revealed a bridge abutment, the remains of a gatehouse, traces of a possible formal garden and a 17th century bowling green. The house was burned down in 1648.
More information : [SE 2563 1889] THE HALL [GT] (Remains of) (1)

The ruins of a 15th century manor house and chapel, surrounded by a moat, stand in the grounds east of Thornhill Church. (2)

Two isolated fragments of walling, at SE 2563418919, are the only visible remains of the Hall and chapel. (See G.P. AO/64/247/1.)
The area enclosed by the moat is at present being excavated by the Tolson Memorial Hall Museum, Huddersfield, who have unearthed the foundations of a gate-house at SE 25641888. The moat is water-filled and complete; its published survey, (1/1250), has been revised. (3)

SE 255 189. Thornhill Hall, moated site. Scheduled. (4)

SE 2559 1890. Thornhill Hall moat and sites of formal gardens and bowling green, and remnant of pre-seventeenth century open-field system. Scheduled RSM No 13289.

The moated island is trapezoidal, measuring c.70m x 60m at its widest point and surrounded by a partially water-filled ditch varying between 5m and 30m wide and up to c.4m deep. A series of partial excavations were carried out between 1964 and 1972 revealed the remains of two houses on slightly different alignments: the earlier was a large 13th century timber-framed hall with clay-bonded foundation walls and the later a stone-built building of H-plan of c.1600 with paved floor, plaster walls and chimney. The standing remains of this later hall are Listed Grade II. A bridge abutment was identified on the N side of the island and a gatehouse excavated on the S.

The moat post-dates an earlier field system which may be contemporary with the 13th century hall or even earlier. Remains of it survive to the S of the moat, which itself truncates the ridge and furrow. Immediately to the N is the site of the 17th century bowling green noted on Saxton's map of c.1600 while to the W lies an area identified by Saxton as 'New Orchard', where three earthwork terraces probably represent the remains of a formal garden of the later hall. Thornhill was the principal seat of the Savile family from the 14th to the mid-17th century, when, in 1648, it was burned to the ground, possibly to avoid seizure by the beseiging Parliamentarian army. (5)

Fragments of a manor house. 1450. The moat, also 1450 is still well filled with water. The ruins comprise a fire-place of rubble, lined in brickwork, and part of a wall containing the sill of a large 2-light window and part of the moulded surround. Two, much eroded, limestone eagles on the edge of the water moved in the C19 but said to have been on the site of the gatehouse to the hall.

In August 1648 troops of Lady Anne Savile, under Capt. Thos. Paulden defended the hall against the Parliamentary forces under Col. Sir Thos. Fairfax. They were forced to surrender but the hall was accidentally blown up and destroyed. (6)

Listed as a strong house by Cathcart King. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Buildings of England
Source details : Yorkshire, West Riding
Page(s) : 503
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JRF 12-NOV-64
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) AM's Record Form 21.4.80
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Scheduling Amendment 16/3/92
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Kirklees, 30-Jun-1949
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Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 532
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C13
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Timber Framed House, Hall House, Moat, Ridge And Furrow
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : c1450
Monument End Date : 1460
Monument Start Date : 1440
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House, Moat, Bridge, Gatehouse
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C17
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Formal Garden, Bowling Green
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WY 1266
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13289
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 340714
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 21 NE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE HALL,THORNHILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1964-01-01
End Date : 1965-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 21 NE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-11-12
End Date : 1964-11-12
Associated Activities : Primary, THE HALL,THORNHILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE HALL, THORNHILL EDGE
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THORNHILL RECTORY PARK
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THORNHILL HALL MOAT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31