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Historic England Research Records

Cast Hills

Hob Uid: 52167
Location :
North Yorkshire
Harrogate
Laverton
Grid Ref : SE2037371472
Summary : Parts of a sub-circular enclosure and a boundary ditch are visible as earthworks on historical air photos. These may be the remains of an Iron Age enclosed settlement and outworks. Some elements appear to survive as earthworks on more recent air photos and lidar imagery but much of the enclosure and its interior have been disturbed by post medieval and recent farm buildings.
More information : [SE 205 716] CAST HILLS [T.I.] SETTLEMENT [O.E.] (1)

Cast Hills, a doubly enclosed work:- a nearly obliterated central
circular rampart of stone surrounded by a large irregular area,
enclosed by a trench. (2)

Castilles (East Hills), re-examined 1936-7 by B.J.W. Kent, who
considers it an I.A. settlement. An ill-defined circular
earthwork is cut by a modern wall and farm roads. Some standing
stones survive as part of the wall bounding the public road. A
small mound in the east appears to have been dug into. South of
the circle and across the road are remains of a bank of small
stones and earth with 6 low standing stones aligned along it in
a double row. Various trenches east and south of the circle
appear unconnected and their purpose, if artificial, is not clear
(a) (3)

The 'wall' is said to have been 6' high and 6 yards thick all
round, about 1800, with the main entrance in the east. In the
middle a mound of stones about 30' in diameter and 6' high
resembled a barrow. A line of pit dwellings ran for 300 yds.
eastwards from Rowntree Gill to the easternmost trench. Many
small barrows have been levelled and many trenches filled in.
Described under "British Period" (4)

Cast Hills or Castiles. "The farmyard is bounded by a B.A. stone
circle still traceable in part" (5)

Survey 1:2500 revised. (6)

The main, defensive enclosure, situated at SE 20387160, is badly
mutilated and poorly defined. Remains of the stone revetment to
its rampart occur at SE 20387155, and incorporate the "standing
stones" indicated by Kent, which are erroneously classified by E.
Wood as traces of a B.A. circle. Part of a slight bank of
boulders and small stones at SE 20367152 cannot be identified
with the earthwork. There is no trace of a mound within the
enclosure, or of any barrows in the vicinity.
The linear outworks, which are fragmentary and diverse in
character, do not form a defensive feature. Alleged "pit
dwellings" situated at SE 21387108 consists of eight small,
surface quarry workings.
The size, shape and construction of the central enclosure,
together with the association of an outer, linear ditch, and
barrows suggest an I.A. affinity, and as such is similar to the
earthworks at Addingham [ SE 05 SE 10 ]

Published 25" survey revised 7.5.62. - No change. (7)

Basically as described in report of 20 2 63 although now even
more mutilated and destroyed. The massive orthostatic walling is
typical of Iron Age construction and though the remains are scant
it is almost certainly an Iron Age settlement on the edge of a
scarp (protective but not very defensive), too weak for a fort.

1:2500 Survey revised. (8)

Listed by Challis & Harding as an ill-defined circular earthwork
with double rampart (Iron Age). (9)

Parts of a sub-circular enclosure and a boundary ditch are visible as earthworks on historical air photos at SE203 715. These may be the remains of an Iron Age enclosed settlement and outworks.
The sub-circular enclosure was defined by a ditch with inner and outer bank and had an internal diameter of approximately 100m. It was located close to a low scarp that overlooked lower ground to the north-west but had no particular natural advantage over land to the south and east. The enclosure is dissected by a road and only the portion of the circuit that lies to the west of the road appears to survive as earthworks. The eastern part has been built over but some possible traces of the enclosure were visible on early air photographs taken before the expansion of the farm.
A boundary comprising ditch flanked by narrow banks partially encloses ground to the south of the possible settlement and may an outwork for the corralling of stock. A second ditch runs just to the south of and perpendicular to this boundary but it is not clear if feature is associated with the boundary and settlement or part of the network of trackways that run across Dallowgill Moor (see UID 1588689).
The Ordnance Survey map of 1854 depicts the enclosure and boundary and several other entrenchments to the east, these latter are recorded in UID 1588693
. (10-15)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : VCH Yorks 1912 Vol. 2, p.5. (E.S.Armitage D.H. Montgomorie)
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : YDP 13204/01 03-JUN-1985
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Source Number : 11
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SE2071 01-SEP-2002
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Source Number : 12
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF/106G/UK/1150 RP 3034 31-JAN-1946
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Source Number : 13
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF/106G/UK/1181 RS 4065 20-FEB-1946
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Source Number : 14
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : LIDAR SE2071 ENVIRONMENT AGENCY DSM XX-XXX-XXXX
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Source Number : 15
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : Ordnance Survey 6" 1854
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch. of Nidderdale pp 33-4 (E.S.Wood)
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Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Letter B.Kent to Mrs. Elgee 27.3.37 (in Elgee Papers, V.A.S.)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ripon Millenary Record 1892 pt. 2 pref pp iii-iv
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Anc. Bldgs. Harrogate 1946 (E.S.Wood) p.29
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 07-MAY-62
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RWE 20-FEB-63
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F3 ISS 11-FEB-77
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : BAR 20 pt 2 1975 Later Prehist from Trent to Tyne 52 (A J Challis & D W Harding)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Sub Circular Enclosure, Boundary, Ditch
Evidence : Earthwork, Levelled Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : MNY22865
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : MNY30194
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : MNY22866
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 27 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1588689
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1588693
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : CAST HILLS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1936-01-01
End Date : 1937-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 27 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1962-05-07
End Date : 1962-05-07
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 27 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-02-20
End Date : 1963-02-20
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 27 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-02-11
End Date : 1977-02-11