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Historic England Research Records

Stainborough Low

Hob Uid: 52458
Location :
Barnsley
Stainborough
Grid Ref : SE3153003050
Summary : An earthwork in Stainborough Park interpreted as an Iron Age univallate hillfort. A Medieval ringwork or motte may also be present, but the surviving features are the result of 18th century garden landscaping. Sitting on top of the mound is Stainborough Castle, an early 18th century folly (see SE 30 SW 32).
More information : [SE 31550305] Castle Mound [G.T.] (1)

Known as Stainborough Low and regarded by Elgee (3) and Preston (4)(5) as a hill fort. The site is a commanding one. A Court Roll of James I (1613) mentions castle ruins called "Staynbroughe Lowe". In 1789 Horace Walpole erected a 'Gothic' building here [? Stainborough Castle] Its extensive garden has destroyed any earthworks. (2-6)

Surveyed at 1/2500. (7)

Condition unchanged. The site is a promontory and suitable for either a hill-fort or a motte, but the present earthworks appear to be the result of landscaping. 'Stainborough Castle', at SE 31570303, is Walpole's 'Gothic building'. (8)

SE 316030 "Possible hill fort site (Iron Age) beneath extensive later earthworks and buildings" at Stainborough. (9)

Listed as a possible Medieval ringwork. (10)

SE 315 030. Stainbrough Low [sic]. Listed in gazetteer as a univallate hillfort covering 0.80ha. (11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1929-48.
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of York, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 10
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Source Number : 11
Source : British Hillforts: an index
Source details :
Page(s) : 143
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 62
Source Number : 3
Source : The archaeology of Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 118
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Source Number : 4
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 91
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Source Number : 5
Source : Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Preston F L
Page(s) : 14
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 74, 1954
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hall T W. 1924. Catalogue of the Edmunds Collection, 33
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 01-OCT-64
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RWE 08-OCT-64
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Source Number : 9
Source : Later prehistory from the Trent to the Tyne
Source details :
Page(s) : 47
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20(i-ii)
Source Number : 10
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : Birch J
Page(s) : 448-49
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 137, 1980

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Univallate Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Ringwork, Motte
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Garden Feature
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 30 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1383101
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 30 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-10-01
End Date : 1964-10-01
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 30 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1964-10-08
End Date : 1964-10-08