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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 53165

Hob Uid: 53165
Location :
Leeds
Harewood
Grid Ref : SE3100044600
Summary : Site of a deserted settlement and manor house in Harewood Park. Remains of the hall and its garden features are visible as parchmarks on air photographs. The settlement was deserted by 1494. The manor house was fortified in 1480 and demolished in 1770-76.
More information : [Area centred SE 31004460.] "Gawthorpe c310442. This is one of the lost hamlets of Harewood long absorbed in the Park. John Jones 'History of Harewood (1859), quoting from B.M. Lans. MS.915, f.133 (?wrong ref.) places the village between the Hall [Harewood Hall] and Stanks. ... From a case here in 1554 it seems that Gawthorpe was enclosed and probably destroyed before 1494." (1)

There is now no trace of this former hamlet. Its alleged site now forms part of Harewood Park, and contains pasture land and ornamental grounds. (2)

The full layout of Gawthorpe Hall and its gardens revealed as parch marks on air photos (W Y M C C. R Yarwood) in 1984 on slopes to S of Harewood House (3)

In 1480, William Gascoigne was granted licence to crenellate his manor of Gawthorpe (circa SE 313 441) which in due course became the administrative centre of Harewood township. This was demolished between 1770-76 and replaced by Harewood House (SE 34 SW 13). (4)

The remains of Gawthorpe Hall and associated garden features are visible as parchmarks on air photographs. The features are centred at SE 3120 4439 and comprise a complex of many linear parchmarks on average 0.6m wide. It has not been possible to identify a full and coherent layout of the hall and gardens as indicated by authority 3 (above).
(5-6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : Beresford M W. Lost Villages of Yorkshire
Page(s) : 219, 237
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1952-5
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ECW 25-MAR-1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 4 Yorkshire Archaeological Register
Source details : Moorhouse S.
Page(s) : 14
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : -1985
Source Number : 4
Source : West Yorkshire : an archaeological survey to A.D. 1500
Source details : Michelmore D J H. 1981. West Yorkshire: An Archaeological Survey to AD 1500. Volume 2
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 5
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE 3144/22-23 (19367/05-06) 11-Jul-1984
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE 3144/24-26 (19373/23-25) 30-Jul-1984
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Fortified in 1480
Monument End Date : 1480
Monument Start Date : 1480
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House
Evidence : Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Deserted in 1494
Monument End Date : 1494
Monument Start Date : 1494
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Demolished 1770-76
Monument End Date : 1776
Monument Start Date : 1770
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House, Garden
Evidence : Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (West Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 688
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 34 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 53207
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 34 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1961-03-25
End Date : 1961-03-25
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: LOWER WHARFEDALE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-03-04
End Date : 2004-11-09