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Historic England Research Records

Cana Barn Henge

Hob Uid: 53684
Location :
North Yorkshire
Harrogate
Marton-Le-Moor
Grid Ref : SE3608071850
Summary : Henge monument at Cana Barn largely visible only as cropmarks on aerial photographs, but survives in part as much reduced and spread earthworks. The enclosure comprises a ditch and outer bank with opposing entrances positioned roughly north and south. Maximum external diameter is circa 174 metres. Two features within the parch marks of the bank may be pits, while several faint marks are also visible in the interior. In addition, within the southern entrance is a pair of conjoined parallel lines, resembling an elongated H. Flints have apparently been recovered from fieldwalking over the site, which is scheduled.
More information : Henge recorded on OS maps and aerial photographs.
1-2

Additional references.
3-4

Scheduled.
5

Additional reference.
6

This henge monument is visible as earthworks and cropmarks on air photos. It appears to comprise an inner ditch circuit describing a near-circular enclosure approximately 100m in diameter. There are two opposed causewayed entrances facing near north and south. This circuit is irregular in width, varying between 4m and 10m and may have been cut in individual sections. Surrounding the ditch is an outer bank. Similar to the ditch it appears to compromise of several straight lengths of bank rather than a smooth curve, especially on the western side. The embanked circuit has an internal diameter of approximately 150m. The tone of the crop around the bank is quite different from the rest of the field and this is interpreted here as an indication of a shallow hollow. This feature is present on the inner and outer sides of the bank and around some of the bank terminals at the two entrances. A double ditched linear feature aligned between the two entrances is visible as a cropmark within the southern half of the henge. This may have marked an avenue leading to the centre of the monument, where slower ripening crops indicate a slight hollow. The southern edge of this monument is clipped by a modern field boundary, the henge banks appeared to survive as slight earthworks on 1971 air photos but no upstanding remains were apparent on the 2009 Google Earth air photos. (7-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6", 1956.
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Source Number : 2
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : Oblique A.Ps, Yorks INW - 130 SE (St. Joseph) B.14.
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NYCC CUCBTO20 1-JUL-1975
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Source Number : 3
Source : Excavations at Dorchester, Oxon: first report. Sites I, II, IV, V and VI, with a chapter on henge monuments
Source details :
Page(s) : 95, 103
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Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : British Association, Leeds 1927, Excursion Book L.8, (OGS Crawford)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ECW 07-JUN-62
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Scheduling Amendment 24/2/95
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Source Number : 6
Source : Henge monuments and related sites of Great Britain : air photographic evidence and catalogue
Source details : Site 204
Page(s) : 304-6
Figs. : 204
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Vol(s) : 175
Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR MAL/71170 62 10-NOV-1971
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SE 3672/5 NMR 17633/21 30-JUL-2001
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Source Number : 9
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 04-OCT-2009 ACCESSED 12-JUL-2010
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Henge, Avenue (Landscape Feature), Hollow
Evidence : Cropmark, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Later Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Lithic Scatter
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Later Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Lithic Scatter
Object Type :
Object Material : Flint

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 108
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 25579
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : MNY19628
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 37 SE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 37 SE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1962-06-07
End Date : 1962-06-07