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Ripon Minster

Hob Uid: 53767
Location :
North Yorkshire
Harrogate
Ripon
Grid Ref : SE3148371080
Summary : Monastery founded circa 660, became collegiate church after 972. Dual function as college and parish church. College dissolved 1547. Surviving Anglo-Saxon crypt, 11th-14th century core with 15th-17th century alterations and 19th century restorations.
More information : [SE 3145 7112] The Minster [TU] (1)

The Cathedral Church of St. Peter & St. Wilfred originated as a cell of Melrose in 660. The crypt is Saxon, the Chapter House and All Souls Chapel is Norman, and the West front is 13th century The nave was rebuilt in the 15th century. Detailed description. [Plan. See AO/62/140/7.] (2-3)

Still in use for public worship.(4)

Shewn on the Dark Age Period Map as a Bishops Seat, and a Monastic site. (c. 660). (5)

Ripon. St Peter (and St Wilfrid, later). Alchfrith, sub-king of Deira (circa 654-664) granted land for a monastery to the monks of Melrose, who left when he granted it to St Wilfrid (before 660) who formed a community probably under the Order of St Benedict. Wilfrid built a large stone church of which the crypt remains and after his death in 709 his body was brought from Oundle to Ripon for burial. The monastery was destroyed by the Danes circa 875, then restored but burnt down during internal warfare circa 948. It is said to have been rebuilt for secular priests after 972 by Archbishop Oswald and prebends are attributed to Archbishop Ealdred after 1061. Dissolved 1546-47. (6)

SE 3171 RIPON MINSTER ROAD
(south side)
1/1
27.5.49 Ripon Minster (Cathedral Church of St Peter
and Wilfrid) (formerly listed as The Minster)

The earliest church was a Scottish monastery, re-organised by St Wilfrid along Benedictine lines circa 660. Some time between 660 and the Archepiscopate of Ealdred (1060-69) it was re-founded as a College of secular canons, with 7 prebends (attached to particular localities from 1301), and under the patronage of the Archbishop of York. It was at the same time a parish church, which it remained after the College was dissolved at the Dissolution of the Chantries in 1547. In 1604 the College was re-founded by James I with a slightly different organisation (a Dean, a sub-Dean, and non-territorial prebendaries). It was dissolved during the Commonwealth, but re-founded again in 1660. In 1836 Ripon became a diocese consisting of the western part of the Diocese of York and the Yorkshire part of the Diocese of Chester (itself taken from the mediaeval Diocese of York in 1541). The College was replaced by a Dean and Chapter, and the church became a cathedral, which it remains. The building consists, in part, of St Wilfred's monastery, and, in part of restorations and
improvements undertaken for the C19 cathedral; but it is substantially the church of the mediaeval college.

Crypt Anglo-Saxon. Chapter House perhaps Norman, although the vaulting looks C13. Remainder begun by Archbishop Roger of Pont l'Evegre (1154-81), and completed by Archbishop Walter Gray (1215-55); except for eastern bays of choir, nave aisles, and library. Although Archbishop Roger's work at York is late Norman, here it is in a fully developed and sophisticated early Gothic style. Eastern bays of choir, including sumptuous sedilia (in the Lincolnshire-Nottinghamshire-East Riding style of circa 1320), probably early C14. Library also C14. South side of western bays of choir altered in C15. Pulpitum also C15.

Nave drastically altered and aisles added in early C16; and the south transept east side clerestory also probably dates from this time. The works in 1514 and again in 1520-1 were in the charge of Christopher Scure, previously master mason at Durham. In 1615 the spire on the crossing tower collapsed; in 1664 the spires on the 2 western towers were taken down. Restorations in 1829-31 by Edward Blore, in 1843-4 by William Railton, and in 1862 by Sir Gilbert Scott; the latter was the most drastic, consisting principally of removing the tracery from the lancets of the west front, giving them their well-known but illusory effect of being slightly earlier than they actually are, and this conforming to advanced taste of the 1860s. (7)

Several fragments of Saxon sculptured stones have been found in the church:

1: incomplete 8th century cross-shaft inscribed with Latin script. Now in York Museum.
2: Early C8 cross-head part now in the Mercer gallery, Harrogate.
3: Incomplete Late C9-10 cross-head. Now in St Wilfrid's church, langdale Road, Blackpol.
4: Part of late C9-early C10 cross-head in Ripon Cathedral treasury.
5: Late C7-early C8 cross-arm fragment in the Mercer Art Gallery.
6: Fragment of late C7th-early 8th cross arm in the Mercer Art Gallery.
7: C8-9 grave-marker reused at the west end of the south passage of the crypt.
8: C7 altar pillar, cross-base, or corner closure slab, in the crypt.
9: Two lengths of late C8th-early-C9th string-course or imposts, built into a buttress on the nW corner of the N transept.
10: Probable capital of C7th-early C8th date, since 1984 reused as the central suporting element of an altar in the Chapel of the Resurrection.
11: Late C7th-C8th fragment in the Mercer Art Gallery. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1929.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Buildings of Harrogate 1946 17 (E S Wood)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Cathedral Church of Ripon 1901. 32 (C.Hallett) (Plan & illus.)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R W Emsley/14-FEB-1963/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : C.W.Phillips Ordnance Survey Dark Age Map
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 435
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE Listed Buildings Borough of Harrogate North Yorkshire 19-MAR-1984 60-61
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture Volume VIII: Western Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 231-41
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C7
Monument End Date : 700
Monument Start Date : 601
Monument Type : Altar, Cross
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Founded circa 660
Monument End Date : 972
Monument Start Date : 660
Monument Type : Benedictine Monastery, Crypt, Minster
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1836
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Late C7-10
Monument End Date : 1000
Monument Start Date : 667
Monument Type : Cross
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C8-9
Monument End Date : 900
Monument Start Date : 701
Monument Type : Grave Marker
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Late C8-early C9
Monument End Date : 832
Monument Start Date : 767
Monument Type : Architectural Fragment
Evidence : Architectural Component
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Refounded as secular college
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 972
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests, Collegiate Church
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Norman
Monument End Date : 1170
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Chapter House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests, Collegiate Church, Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extant
Monument End Date : 1547
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests, Collegiate Church, Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1836
Monument Start Date : 1547
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 93496
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 330149
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1150164
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 37 SW 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 53730
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1057172
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1057182
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1244722
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 53755
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 53730
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON MINSTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1891-01-01
End Date : 1891-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1930-01-01
End Date : 1930-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 37 SW 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-02-14
End Date : 1963-02-14
Associated Activities : Primary, CRYPT OF RIPON MINSTER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL
Activity type : PHOTOGRAMMETRIC SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL CROSSING
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL: CHOIR
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MINSTER ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE OLD DEANERY, MINSTER CLOSE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL (EAST END)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL (PAVING SLABS)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT MINSTER ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL (NAVE ROOF)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL NAVE ROOF
Activity type : DENDROCHRONOLOGICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL: SOUTH AISLE ROOF
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL: SOUTH TOWER
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL (NEW DUCTING)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIPON CATHEDRAL CHURCHYARD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31